Incremental Prognostic Value of Novel Left Ventricular Diastolic Indexes for Prediction of Clinical Outcome in Patients With ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction

Miriam Shanks, Arnold C.T. Ng, Nico R.L. van de Veire, M. Louisa Antoni, Matteo Bertini, Victoria Delgado, Gaetano Nucifora, Eduard R. Holman, Jonathan B. Choy, Dominic Y. Leung, Martin J. Schalij, Jeroen J. Bax

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36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined the prognostic value of novel diastolic indexes in ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (AMI), derived from strain and strain rate analysis using 2-dimensional speckle tracking imaging. Echocardiograms were obtained within 48 hours of admission in 371 consecutive patients with first ST-elevation AMI (59.7 ± 11.6 years old). Indexes of diastolic function including mean strain rate during isovolumic relaxation (SRIVR), mean early diastolic strain rate (SRE) and mean diastolic strain at peak transmitral E wave (E) were obtained from 3 apical views. Mean early diastolic velocity from 4 basal segments by color-coded tissue Doppler imaging was measured. Indexes of diastolic filling including E/SRIVR, E/SRE, E/diastolic strain at E, and E/early diastolic velocity were calculated. The primary end point (composite of death, hospitalization for heart failure, repeat MI, and repeat revascularization) occurred in 84 patients (22.6%) during a mean follow-up of 17.3 ± 12.2 months. Mean SRIVR (p <0.001), multivessel disease (p <0.001), Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction grade 0 to 1 flow after percutaneous coronary intervention (p = 0.004), and left ventricular ejection fraction (p = 0.008) were independent predictors of the combined end point on Cox regression analysis. Mean SRIVR showed incremental prognostic value over baseline clinical and echocardiographic variables (global chi-square increase from 41.0 to 51.6, p <0.001). After dividing patient population based on median SRIVR, patients with SRIVR ≤0.24/second had significantly higher event rates than others (hazard ratio 2.74, 95% confidence interval 1.61 to 4.67, p <0.001). In conclusion, SRIVR was incremental to left ventricular ejection fraction, Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction grade 0 to 1 flow after percutaneous coronary intervention, and multivessel disease and superior to other diastolic indexes in predicting future cardiovascular events after AMI. SRIVR may be useful in identifying high-risk patients soon after AMI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)592-597
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume105
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 1 Mar 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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