In Vivo Based Fluid-Structure Interaction Biomechanics of the Left Anterior Descending Coronary Artery

Harry J Carpenter, Alireza Gholipour, Mergen H Ghayesh, Anthony C Zander, Peter J Psaltis

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A fluid-structure interaction-based biomechanical model of the entire left anterior descending coronary artery is developed from in vivo imaging via the finite element method in this paper. Included in this investigation is ventricle contraction, three-dimensional motion, all angiographically visible side branches, hyper/viscoelastic artery layers, non-Newtonian and pulsatile blood flow, and the out-of-phase nature of blood velocity and pressure. The fluid-structure interaction model is based on in vivo angiography of an elite athlete's entire left anterior descending coronary artery where the influence of including all alternating side branches and the dynamical contraction of the ventricle is investigated for the first time. Results show the omission of side branches result in a 350% increase in peak wall shear stress and a 54% decrease in von Mises stress. Peak von Mises stress is underestimated by up to 80% when excluding ventricle contraction and further alterations in oscillatory shear indices are seen, which provide an indication of flow reversal and has been linked to atherosclerosis localization. Animations of key results are also provided within a video abstract. We anticipate that this model and results can be used as a basis for our understanding of the interaction between coronary and myocardium biomechanics. It is hoped that further investigations could include the passive and active components of the myocardium to further replicate in vivo mechanics and lead to an understanding of the influence of cardiac abnormalities, such as arrythmia, on coronary biomechanical responses.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of biomechanical engineering
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 1 Aug 2021

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