Impact of introducing anticoagulation-related prescribing guidelines in a hospital setting using academic detailing

Gregory William Roberts, Robert Adams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: Assess the impact of using academic detailing-assisted guideline roll-out on warfarin initiation, reversal of warfarin overanticoagulation, and uptake of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis across 4 metropolitan teaching hospitals. Methods: Baseline data were collected for 3 months prior to intervention. Prescribers were then informed about the guidelines, including feedback of current hospital performance and the basis for the guidelines. Post-intervention data were collected for 3 months after guideline implementation. Results: Uptake of DVT prophylaxis in medical patients increased from 52.8% to 67.0% (p=0.004). No impact on operative surgical patients was seen, possibly due to the high pre-existing rate of uptake (86.1% vs 84.1%, p=0.7). DVT prophylaxis rates in non-operative surgical patients were similar to medical patients, with similar, but non-significant improvements. The time to reach a stable therapeutic international normalized ratio (INR) after warfarin initiation was reduced (p=0.03) as were the number of INR's >4 in the first week of therapy (p=0.03). There were significant improvements in appropriate vitamin K use for warfarin overanticoagulation in patients with an INR above 6 (48% vs 74%, P=0.007), timely follow-up tests (49% vs 62%, p=0.009), and the proportion of next INR's being less than 4 (49% vs 61%, p=0.04). Conclusions: The use of academic detailing to facilitate guideline roll-out had a positive impact on nearly all areas studied. The academic detailing process within the hospital setting was received enthusiastically by prescribers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)309-316
Number of pages8
JournalTherapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Volume2
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • Academic detailing
  • DVT prophylaxis
  • Elderly
  • Overanticoagulation
  • Warfarin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety Research
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Chemical Health and Safety

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