By crossed immunoelectrophoresis 36 different anode-migrating antigens were demonstrated in sonicated antigen preparations of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. We numbered these antigens to establish a reference precipitin pattern. Antigen no. 31 was identified as the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) antigen, because it was found to be responsible for the O-group specificity and because it reacted with anti-LPS monoclonal antibodies and with limulus amoebocyte lysate. Purified outer membrane proteins F (porin), H2, and I used as antigens formed precipitins with the reference antibodies, thus establishing their antigenicity. LPS that copurified with protein F and slightly contaminated protein H2 was detectable as an extra precipitin (antigen no. 31). The use of monoclonal antibodies specific for smooth LPS and rough LPS revealed different antigenic determinants in the LPS molecule and suggested that antigen no. 5 could be the core region of the LPS which is equivalent to the rough LPS. Antibodies against these outer membrane antigens were detected in patients with chronic P. aeruginosa pneumonia and in patients with acute P. aeruginosa bacteremia. Antibodies with the same specificity were also found in rats chronically infected with P. aeruginosa 7 days postinfection. This demonstrates the surface accessibility and antigenic reactivity of outer membrane antigens.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases