Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common age-related joint disease resulting in progressive degenerative damage to articular cartilage. The etiology of primary OA has not yet been determined. However, there is evidence supporting the hypothesis that primary OA is a disease affecting bone remodeling in addition to articular cartilage. In this study, we have used cDNA microarray analysis to compare gene expression in bone between normal (CTL) and OA individuals. Trabecular bone was sampled from the intertrochanteric region of the proximal femur, a site distal to the diseased hip joint. Total RNA was extracted from three pairs of age- and sex-matched CTL and OA bone samples, reverse-transcribed and radioactively labeled to generate cDNA probes, before hybridization with the Research Genetics GF211 human gene microarray filter. The CTL and OA samples were found to have similar levels of gene expression for more than 4000 known human genes. However, forty-one genes were identified that were differentially expressed, twofold or more, between all three CTL-OA sample pairs. Using semi-quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis, three genes, fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (FLT1), plexin B1 (PLXNB1), and small inducible cytokine A2 (SCYA2), were confirmed to be consistently expressed at lower levels in OA, in a majority of twenty age- and sex-matched CTL-OA bone sample pairs tested. FLT1, PLXNB1, and SCYA2 have known or potential roles in angiogenesis and bone remodeling. Down-regulation of these genes is consistent with a role for bone in the pathogenesis of OA.
- Proximal femur
- Trabecular bone
- cDNA microarray
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism