Human liver N-acetylglucosamine-6-phosphate sulphatase. Catalytic properties

C. Freeman, J. J. Hopwood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Kinetic parameters (K(m) and k(cat.)) of the two major forms (A and B) and a minor form (C) of human liver N-acetylglucosamine-6-sulphate sulphatase [Freeman, Clements & Hopwood (1987) Biochem. J. 246, 347-354] were determined with a variety of substrates matching structural aspects of the physiological substrates in vivo, namely heparin, heparan sulphate and keratan sulphate. Enzyme activity is highly specific towards glucosamine 6-sulphate or glucose 6-sulphate residues. More structurally complex substrates, in which several aspects of the aglycone structure of the natural substrate were maintained, are hydrolysed with catalytic efficiencies up to 3900 times above that observed for the monosaccharide substrate N-acetylglycosamine 6-sulphate. Forms A and B both desulphate substrate derived from keratan sulphate and heparin . Aglycone structures that influence substrate binding and/or enzyme activity were penultimate-residue 6-carboxy and 2-sulphate ester groups for heparin-derived substrates and penultimate-residue 6-sulphate ester groups for keratan sulphate-derived substrates. The 4-hydroxy group of the N-acetylglucosamine 6-sulphate or the 2-sulphaminoglucosamine 6-sulphate under enzymic attack is involved in the catalytic mechanism. The presence of a 2-amino group in place of a 2-acetamido or a 2-sulphoamino group considerably decreases the catalytic efficiency of the sulphatase, particularly in the absence of a penultimate-aglycone-residue 6-carboxy group. Both forms A and B are exo-enzymes, since activity towards internal sulphate ester bonds was not observed. The effect of incubation pH one enzyme activity towards the variety of substrates evaluated was complex and dependent on substrate aglycone structure. The presence of aglycone 2-sulphate ester, 6-carboxy group and 6-sulphate ester groups on the glucosamine 6-sulphate residue under attack considerably affects the pH response. Sulphate and phosphate ions are potent inhibitors of enzyme activity.

LanguageEnglish
Pages355-365
Number of pages11
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume246
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Freeman, C. ; Hopwood, J. J. / Human liver N-acetylglucosamine-6-phosphate sulphatase. Catalytic properties. In: Biochemical Journal. 1987 ; Vol. 246, No. 2. pp. 355-365.
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Human liver N-acetylglucosamine-6-phosphate sulphatase. Catalytic properties. / Freeman, C.; Hopwood, J. J.

In: Biochemical Journal, Vol. 246, No. 2, 01.01.1987, p. 355-365.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Kinetic parameters (K(m) and k(cat.)) of the two major forms (A and B) and a minor form (C) of human liver N-acetylglucosamine-6-sulphate sulphatase [Freeman, Clements & Hopwood (1987) Biochem. J. 246, 347-354] were determined with a variety of substrates matching structural aspects of the physiological substrates in vivo, namely heparin, heparan sulphate and keratan sulphate. Enzyme activity is highly specific towards glucosamine 6-sulphate or glucose 6-sulphate residues. More structurally complex substrates, in which several aspects of the aglycone structure of the natural substrate were maintained, are hydrolysed with catalytic efficiencies up to 3900 times above that observed for the monosaccharide substrate N-acetylglycosamine 6-sulphate. Forms A and B both desulphate substrate derived from keratan sulphate and heparin . Aglycone structures that influence substrate binding and/or enzyme activity were penultimate-residue 6-carboxy and 2-sulphate ester groups for heparin-derived substrates and penultimate-residue 6-sulphate ester groups for keratan sulphate-derived substrates. The 4-hydroxy group of the N-acetylglucosamine 6-sulphate or the 2-sulphaminoglucosamine 6-sulphate under enzymic attack is involved in the catalytic mechanism. The presence of a 2-amino group in place of a 2-acetamido or a 2-sulphoamino group considerably decreases the catalytic efficiency of the sulphatase, particularly in the absence of a penultimate-aglycone-residue 6-carboxy group. Both forms A and B are exo-enzymes, since activity towards internal sulphate ester bonds was not observed. The effect of incubation pH one enzyme activity towards the variety of substrates evaluated was complex and dependent on substrate aglycone structure. The presence of aglycone 2-sulphate ester, 6-carboxy group and 6-sulphate ester groups on the glucosamine 6-sulphate residue under attack considerably affects the pH response. Sulphate and phosphate ions are potent inhibitors of enzyme activity.

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