High-fat diet-induced obesity ablates gastric vagal afferent circadian rhythms

Stephen J. Kentish, Andrew D. Vincent, David J. Kennaway, Gary A. Wittert, Amanda J. Page

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rats with high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity increase daytime eating, suggesting an alteration in circadian food intake mechanisms. Gastric vagal afferents (GVAs) respond to mechanical stimuli to initiate satiety. These signals are dampened in HFD mice and exhibit circadian variations inversely with food intake in lean mice. Furthermore, leptin shows circadian variation in its circulating level and is able to modulateGVAmechanosensitivity. However, whether leptin’s ability to modulateGVAsoccurs in a circadian manner is unknown. Therefore, we investigated whether changes in the circadian intake of food in HFD-induced obesity is associated with a disruption inGVA circadian rhythms. Eight-week-old male C57BL/6 mice were fed a standard laboratory diet (SLD) or a HFD for 12 weeks. A subgroup of SLD andHFDmice were housed in metabolic cages. After 12 weeks, ex vivoGVArecordings were taken at 3 h intervals starting at zeitgeber time 0 (ZT0) and stomach content was measured. After 12 weeks, HFD mice consumed more food during the light phase through larger and more frequent meals compared with SLD mice. SLD mice exhibited circadian fluctuation in stomach content, which peaked at ZT18 and reached a nadir at ZT9. At these time points, both tension and mucosal receptor mechanosensitivity were the lowest and highest, respectively. HFD mice exhibited little circadian variation in stomach content or GVA mechanosensitivity. Leptin potentiated mucosal receptor mechanosensitivity only in SLD mice and with reduced potency during the dark phase. In conclusion, loss of circadian variation in GVA signaling may underpin changes in eating behavior in HFD-induced obesity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3199-3207
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume36
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 16 Mar 2016

Keywords

  • Circadian
  • Food intake
  • Leptin
  • Obesity
  • Stomach
  • Vagus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this