High consumption of pulses is associated with lower risk of abnormal glucose metabolism in women in Mauritius

M. Wennberg, S. Söderberg, U. Uusitalo, J. Tuomilehto, J. E. Shaw, P. Z. Zimmet, S. Kowlessur, V. Pauvaday, D. J. Magliano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: To investigate if consumption of pulses was associated with a reduced risk of developing abnormal glucose metabolism, increases in body weight and increases in waist circumference in a multi-ethnic cohort in Mauritius. Methods: Population-based surveys were performed in Mauritius in 1992 and in 1998. Pulse consumption was estimated from a food frequency questionnaire in 1992 and outcomes were measured in 1998. At both time points, anthropometry was undertaken and an oral glucose tolerance test was performed. Results: Mauritian women with the highest consumption of pulses (highest tertile) had a reduced risk of developing abnormal glucose metabolism [odds ratio 0.52; 95% CI 0.27, 0.99) compared with those with the lowest consumption, and also after multivariable adjustments. In women, a high consumption of pulses was associated with a smaller increase in BMI. Conclusions: High consumption of pulses was associated with a reduced risk of abnormal glucose metabolism and a smaller increase in BMI in Mauritian women. Promotion of pulse consumption could be an important dietary intervention for the prevention of Type 2 diabetes and obesity in Mauritius and should be examined in other populations and in clinical trials.

LanguageEnglish
Pages513-520
Number of pages8
JournalDiabetic Medicine
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

Wennberg, M., Söderberg, S., Uusitalo, U., Tuomilehto, J., Shaw, J. E., Zimmet, P. Z., ... Magliano, D. J. (2015). High consumption of pulses is associated with lower risk of abnormal glucose metabolism in women in Mauritius. Diabetic Medicine, 32(4), 513-520. https://doi.org/10.1111/dme.12618
Wennberg, M. ; Söderberg, S. ; Uusitalo, U. ; Tuomilehto, J. ; Shaw, J. E. ; Zimmet, P. Z. ; Kowlessur, S. ; Pauvaday, V. ; Magliano, D. J. / High consumption of pulses is associated with lower risk of abnormal glucose metabolism in women in Mauritius. In: Diabetic Medicine. 2015 ; Vol. 32, No. 4. pp. 513-520.
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abstract = "Aims: To investigate if consumption of pulses was associated with a reduced risk of developing abnormal glucose metabolism, increases in body weight and increases in waist circumference in a multi-ethnic cohort in Mauritius. Methods: Population-based surveys were performed in Mauritius in 1992 and in 1998. Pulse consumption was estimated from a food frequency questionnaire in 1992 and outcomes were measured in 1998. At both time points, anthropometry was undertaken and an oral glucose tolerance test was performed. Results: Mauritian women with the highest consumption of pulses (highest tertile) had a reduced risk of developing abnormal glucose metabolism [odds ratio 0.52; 95{\%} CI 0.27, 0.99) compared with those with the lowest consumption, and also after multivariable adjustments. In women, a high consumption of pulses was associated with a smaller increase in BMI. Conclusions: High consumption of pulses was associated with a reduced risk of abnormal glucose metabolism and a smaller increase in BMI in Mauritian women. Promotion of pulse consumption could be an important dietary intervention for the prevention of Type 2 diabetes and obesity in Mauritius and should be examined in other populations and in clinical trials.",
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Wennberg, M, Söderberg, S, Uusitalo, U, Tuomilehto, J, Shaw, JE, Zimmet, PZ, Kowlessur, S, Pauvaday, V & Magliano, DJ 2015, 'High consumption of pulses is associated with lower risk of abnormal glucose metabolism in women in Mauritius', Diabetic Medicine, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 513-520. https://doi.org/10.1111/dme.12618

High consumption of pulses is associated with lower risk of abnormal glucose metabolism in women in Mauritius. / Wennberg, M.; Söderberg, S.; Uusitalo, U.; Tuomilehto, J.; Shaw, J. E.; Zimmet, P. Z.; Kowlessur, S.; Pauvaday, V.; Magliano, D. J.

In: Diabetic Medicine, Vol. 32, No. 4, 01.01.2015, p. 513-520.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - High consumption of pulses is associated with lower risk of abnormal glucose metabolism in women in Mauritius

AU - Wennberg, M.

AU - Söderberg, S.

AU - Uusitalo, U.

AU - Tuomilehto, J.

AU - Shaw, J. E.

AU - Zimmet, P. Z.

AU - Kowlessur, S.

AU - Pauvaday, V.

AU - Magliano, D. J.

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - Aims: To investigate if consumption of pulses was associated with a reduced risk of developing abnormal glucose metabolism, increases in body weight and increases in waist circumference in a multi-ethnic cohort in Mauritius. Methods: Population-based surveys were performed in Mauritius in 1992 and in 1998. Pulse consumption was estimated from a food frequency questionnaire in 1992 and outcomes were measured in 1998. At both time points, anthropometry was undertaken and an oral glucose tolerance test was performed. Results: Mauritian women with the highest consumption of pulses (highest tertile) had a reduced risk of developing abnormal glucose metabolism [odds ratio 0.52; 95% CI 0.27, 0.99) compared with those with the lowest consumption, and also after multivariable adjustments. In women, a high consumption of pulses was associated with a smaller increase in BMI. Conclusions: High consumption of pulses was associated with a reduced risk of abnormal glucose metabolism and a smaller increase in BMI in Mauritian women. Promotion of pulse consumption could be an important dietary intervention for the prevention of Type 2 diabetes and obesity in Mauritius and should be examined in other populations and in clinical trials.

AB - Aims: To investigate if consumption of pulses was associated with a reduced risk of developing abnormal glucose metabolism, increases in body weight and increases in waist circumference in a multi-ethnic cohort in Mauritius. Methods: Population-based surveys were performed in Mauritius in 1992 and in 1998. Pulse consumption was estimated from a food frequency questionnaire in 1992 and outcomes were measured in 1998. At both time points, anthropometry was undertaken and an oral glucose tolerance test was performed. Results: Mauritian women with the highest consumption of pulses (highest tertile) had a reduced risk of developing abnormal glucose metabolism [odds ratio 0.52; 95% CI 0.27, 0.99) compared with those with the lowest consumption, and also after multivariable adjustments. In women, a high consumption of pulses was associated with a smaller increase in BMI. Conclusions: High consumption of pulses was associated with a reduced risk of abnormal glucose metabolism and a smaller increase in BMI in Mauritian women. Promotion of pulse consumption could be an important dietary intervention for the prevention of Type 2 diabetes and obesity in Mauritius and should be examined in other populations and in clinical trials.

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SN - 0742-3071

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Wennberg M, Söderberg S, Uusitalo U, Tuomilehto J, Shaw JE, Zimmet PZ et al. High consumption of pulses is associated with lower risk of abnormal glucose metabolism in women in Mauritius. Diabetic Medicine. 2015 Jan 1;32(4):513-520. https://doi.org/10.1111/dme.12618