Health behaviours and quality of life in independently living South Australians aged 75 years or older

N. Amarasena, D. Keuskamp, M. Balasubramanian, D. S. Brennan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: This study evaluated the associations between oral and general health behaviours, self-reported health and quality of life of adults aged 75 years or older living independently in South Australia. Methods: A cross sectional study based on a self-report mailed questionnaire was conducted in 590 independently living adults aged 75 years or older. Self-ratings of oral health and general health were assessed using single-item global ratings. Quality of life was measured using the Oral Health Impact Profile and the EuroQol instrument for health utility. Results: The overall response rate was 78%. The current analyses were restricted to 354 dentate older adults. Increasing age and being female were negatively associated with EuroQol scores. Good self-rated oral and general health were more prevalent in participants with higher social status who also had lower oral health impact and higher EuroQol scores. Good self-rated oral and general health were less prevalent while oral health impact was greater in participants who ate few fruits, vegetables or dairy products. Conclusions: Self-rated health and quality of life were poor in older adults with inadequate fruit/vegetables/dairy intake and lower social status. These findings suggest that nutrition and socioeconomic factors may be important to the oral and general health of adults aged 75 years or older.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)156-162
Number of pages7
JournalAustralian Dental Journal
Volume63
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Health behaviours
  • Independently living
  • older adults
  • quality of life
  • self-rated health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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