HbA1c, fasting plasma glucose and the prediction of diabetes: Inter99, AusDiab and D.E.S.I.R.

Soraya Soulimane, Dominique Simon, Jonathan Shaw, Daniel Witte, Paul Zimmet, Sylviane Vol, Knut Borch-Johnsen, Dianna Magliano, Dorte Vistisen, Beverley Balkau

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Introduction: With diabetes defined by HbA1c ≥ 6.5% and/or FPG ≥ 7.0. mmol/l and/or diabetes treatment, we investigated HbA1c and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) thresholds/change-points above which the incidence of diabetes increases. Methods: Data are Danish (Inter99), Australian (AusDiab) and French (D.E.S.I.R.), with respectively 4930, 6012 and 3784 non-diabetic participants. Results: Diabetes incidences at 5 years for Inter99 and AusDiab and at 6 years for D.E.S.I.R. were 2.3%, 3.1% and 2.4% respectively and incidences increased with baseline HbA1c and FPG. As HbA1c distributions differed between cohorts, HbA1c was standardized on D.E.S.I.R. data. Change-points where diabetes incidence increased were identified for HbA1c (%) after standardization: 5.1 (4.9-5.6) (Inter99), 5.4 (5.1-5.6) (AusDiab), 5.3 (5.1-5.7) (D.E.S.I.R.); for FPG change-points (mmol/l) were 5.1 (...-6.1) (Inter99), 5.5 (5.2-5.8) (AusDiab), no change-point for D.E.S.I.R. Using current diabetes risk criteria HbA1c ≥ 5.7% and/or FPG ≥ 5.6. mmol/l to screen for diabetes provided high sensitivity (over 89%) and positive predictive values: 4.3%, 6.9%, and 5.9% respectively. Conclusions: HbA1c and FPG change-points predicting incident diabetes did not always exist, differed across studies, when available were generally lower than current criteria with wide confidence intervals. Using jointly HbA1c ≥ 5.7% and/or FPG ≥ 5.6. mmol/l as a criterion for the risk of incident diabetes is appropriate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)392-399
Number of pages8
JournalDiabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2012


  • Diabetes
  • Epidemiology
  • Fasting plasma glucose
  • HbA1c

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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