Glucose tolerance in Polynesia: Population-based surveys in Rarotonga and Niue

H. King, R. Taylor, G. Koteka, H. Nemaia, P. Zimmet, P. H. Bennett, L. R. Raper

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Abstract

Glucose tolerance and the prevalence of impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and diabetes in the Polynesian populations of Rarotonga and Niue were studied in 1980. Both Rarotongans and Niueans have been considerably influenced by sociocultural modernization and (in the case of Rarotonga) tourism. In both populations, the prevalence of abnormal glucose tolerance exceeded 10% in men and 15% in women. There was an association between glucose tolerance and age and obesity in both sexes, but not between glucose tolerance and physical activity. Glucose tolerance did not differ between Rarotongans and Niueans after allowing for differences in age and obesity. Comparisons between normal subjects, those with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and diabetic subjects with respect to factors that are traditionally associated with glucose intolerance provided some support for IGT as a truly intermediate diagnostic category of glucose tolerance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)505-510
Number of pages6
JournalMedical Journal of Australia
Volume145
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1986
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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