We characterized human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) envelope glycoproteins (Env) isolated from two HIV-1-infected CCR5Δ32 homozygotes. Envs from both subjects used CCR5 and CXCR4 for entry into transfected cells. Most R5X4 Envs were lymphocyte-tropic and used CXCR4 exclusively for entry into peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), but a subset was dually lymphocyte- and macrophage-tropic and used either CCR5 or CXCR4 for entry into PBMC and monocyte-derived macrophages. The persistence of CCR5- using HIV-1 in two CCR5Δ32 homozygotes suggests the conserved CCR5 binding domain of Env is highly stable and provides new mechanistic insights important for HIV-1 transmission and persistence.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Insect Science