Porins are proteins that form water-filled channels across the outer membranes of Gram-negative bacteria and thus make this membrane semipermeable. There are four types of porins: general/nonspecific porins, substrate-specific porins, gated porins, and efflux porins (also called channel-tunnels). The recent publication of the genomic sequence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 has dramatically increased our understanding of the porins of this organism. In particular this organism has 3 large families of porins: the OprD family of specific porins (19 members), the OprM family of efflux porins (18 members), and the TonB-interacting family of gated porins (35 members). These familial relationships underlie functional similarities such that well-studied members of these families become prototypes for other members. We summarize here the latest information on these porins.
|Number of pages||22|
|Journal||Annual Review of Microbiology|
|Publication status||Published - 6 Nov 2002|
- Antibiotic resistance
- Pseudomonas aeruginosa
ASJC Scopus subject areas