Purpose: To identify clinical factors correlating with failure to control intraocular pressure (IOP) in primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG) eyes with cataract after phacoemulsification or phacotrabeculectomy. Design: Retrospective analysis of two prospective randomized controlled clinical trials. Methods: Primary angle-closure glaucoma eyes with cataract received phacoemulsification or phacotrabeculectomy. Failure was defined as having IOP of 21mm Hg or greater, or requiring glaucoma drugs to maintain an IOP of less than 21 mm Hg, or having had additional IOPlowering surgery. Factors correlating with failure at 24 months after surgery were identified using logistic regression model. Results: One hundred twenty-three PACG eyes with cataract and receiving phacoemulsification (n = 62) and phacotrabeculectomy (n = 61) were analyzed. With univariate analysis, factors associated with failure included a higher preoperative IOP, a higher preoperative requirement for glaucoma drugs, absence of plateau iris configuration, and phacoemulsification alone. With multivariate analysis, factors associated with failure included a higher preoperative IOP [odds ratio (OR), 1.732 per increase in IOP of 5 mm Hg], a higher preoperative requirement for glaucoma drugs (OR, 1.913), and performance of phacoemulsification alone (OR, 10.24). Conclusions: In PACG eyes with cataract, higher preoperative IOP and increased requirement for glaucoma drugs correlate with failure to control IOP after phacoemulsification or phacotrabeculectomy. Phacotrabeculectomy is more likely than phacoemulsification to achieve IOP control.
- Intraocular Pressure Control
- Primary Angle-Closure Glaucoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas