OBJECTIVE - The ICA512 pancreatic islet autoantigen is a putative tyrosine phosphatase that is co-identified with the earlier described 40-kDa autoantigen. We report the frequency of autoantibodies to islet cell antigen 512 (ICA512As) in recent-onset IDDM and compare this with other islet cell autoantibodies, including those to GAD (GADAs), insulin (IAAs), and islet cell cytoplasm (ICAs) identified by immunofluorescence. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - Sera from 232 children aged between 9 months and 14.9 years collected within 14 days of diagnosis were tested for ICA512As by a radioimmunoprecipitation assay. The results were compared with previously reported data for GADAs (n = 232), IAAs (n = 167), and ICAs (n = 230). RESULTS - The frequency of a positive result for ICA512As in children with newly diagnosed IDDM was 60%. The frequency was greater for children with an age of onset between 5 and 10 years (69%) than for children aged <5 years (49%) and aged between 10 and 15 years (56%). The frequencies for other autoantibody reactivities were 69% for GADAs, 65% for IAAs, and 70% for ICAs. A combination of positive results for ICA512As, GADAs, and IAAs gave a sensitivity for the diagnosis of childhood IDDM of 95%, which was not significantly increased by a positive result for ICAs (96%). CONCLUSIONS - Our results further establish that positivity in a combination of tests is more valuable for the prediction of IDDM than a result for any single autoantibody and that the age of the patient should be considered when selecting the combination of tests to use.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Advanced and Specialised Nursing