Eukaryotic initiation factor (eIF) 2B is a heteromeric guanine nucleotide exchange factor that plays an important role in regulating mRNA translation. Here we identify multiple phosphorylation sites in the largest, catalytic, subunit (ε) of mammalian eIF2B. These sites are phosphorylated by four different protein kinases. Two conserved sites (Ser712/713) are phosphorylated by casein kinase 2. They lie at the extreme C-terminus and are required for the interaction of eIF2Bε with its substrate, eIF2, in vivo and for eIF2B activity in vitro. Glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3) is responsible for phosphorylating Ser535. This regulatory phosphorylation event requires both the fourth site (Ser539) and a distal region, which acts to recruit GSK3 to eIF2Bε in vivo. The fifth site, which lies outside the catalytic domain of eIF2Bε, can be phosphorylated by casein kinase 1. All five sites are phosphorylated in the eIF2B complex in vivo.
- Casein kinase
- Initiation factor
- mRNA translation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)