Epithelial cell rests of malassez contain unique stem cell populations capable of undergoing epithelial-mesenchymal transition

Jimin Xiong, Krzysztof Mrozik, Stan Gronthos, P. Mark Bartold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The epithelial cell rests of Malassez (ERM) are odontogenic epithelial cells located within the periodontal ligament matrix. While their function is unknown, they may support tissue homeostasis and maintain periodontal ligament space or even contribute to periodontal regeneration. We investigated the notion that ERM contain a subpopulation of stem cells that could undergo epithelial-mesenchymal transition and differentiate into mesenchymal stem-like cells with multilineage potential. For this purpose, ERM collected from ovine incisors were subjected to different inductive conditions in vitro, previously developed for the characterization of bone marrow mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (BMSC). We found that ex vivo-expanded ERM expressed both epithelial (cytokeratin-8, E-cadherin, and epithelial membrane protein-1) and BMSC markers (CD44, CD29, and heat shock protein-90β). Integrin α6/ CD49f could be used for the enrichment of clonogenic cell clusters [colony-forming units-epithelial cells (CFU-Epi)]. Integrin α6/ CD49f-positive-selected epithelial cells demonstrated over 50- and 7-fold greater CFU-Epi than integrin α6/CD49f-negative cells and unfractionated cells, respectively. Importantly, ERM demonstrated stem cell-like properties in their differentiation capacity to form bone, fat, cartilage, and neural cells in vitro. When transplanted into immunocompromised mice, ERM generated bone, cementum-like and Sharpey's fiber-like structures. Additionally, gene expression studies showed that osteogenic induction of ERM triggered an epithelial-mesenchymal transition. In conclusion, ERM are unusual cells that display the morphological and phenotypic characteristics of ectoderm-derived epithelial cells; however, they also have the capacity to differentiate into a mesenchymal phenotype and thus represent a unique stem cell population within the periodontal ligament.

LanguageEnglish
Pages2012-2025
Number of pages14
JournalStem Cells and Development
Volume21
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jul 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "Epithelial cell rests of malassez contain unique stem cell populations capable of undergoing epithelial-mesenchymal transition",
abstract = "The epithelial cell rests of Malassez (ERM) are odontogenic epithelial cells located within the periodontal ligament matrix. While their function is unknown, they may support tissue homeostasis and maintain periodontal ligament space or even contribute to periodontal regeneration. We investigated the notion that ERM contain a subpopulation of stem cells that could undergo epithelial-mesenchymal transition and differentiate into mesenchymal stem-like cells with multilineage potential. For this purpose, ERM collected from ovine incisors were subjected to different inductive conditions in vitro, previously developed for the characterization of bone marrow mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (BMSC). We found that ex vivo-expanded ERM expressed both epithelial (cytokeratin-8, E-cadherin, and epithelial membrane protein-1) and BMSC markers (CD44, CD29, and heat shock protein-90β). Integrin α6/ CD49f could be used for the enrichment of clonogenic cell clusters [colony-forming units-epithelial cells (CFU-Epi)]. Integrin α6/ CD49f-positive-selected epithelial cells demonstrated over 50- and 7-fold greater CFU-Epi than integrin α6/CD49f-negative cells and unfractionated cells, respectively. Importantly, ERM demonstrated stem cell-like properties in their differentiation capacity to form bone, fat, cartilage, and neural cells in vitro. When transplanted into immunocompromised mice, ERM generated bone, cementum-like and Sharpey's fiber-like structures. Additionally, gene expression studies showed that osteogenic induction of ERM triggered an epithelial-mesenchymal transition. In conclusion, ERM are unusual cells that display the morphological and phenotypic characteristics of ectoderm-derived epithelial cells; however, they also have the capacity to differentiate into a mesenchymal phenotype and thus represent a unique stem cell population within the periodontal ligament.",
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Epithelial cell rests of malassez contain unique stem cell populations capable of undergoing epithelial-mesenchymal transition. / Xiong, Jimin; Mrozik, Krzysztof; Gronthos, Stan; Bartold, P. Mark.

In: Stem Cells and Development, Vol. 21, No. 11, 20.07.2012, p. 2012-2025.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Epithelial cell rests of malassez contain unique stem cell populations capable of undergoing epithelial-mesenchymal transition

AU - Xiong, Jimin

AU - Mrozik, Krzysztof

AU - Gronthos, Stan

AU - Bartold, P. Mark

PY - 2012/7/20

Y1 - 2012/7/20

N2 - The epithelial cell rests of Malassez (ERM) are odontogenic epithelial cells located within the periodontal ligament matrix. While their function is unknown, they may support tissue homeostasis and maintain periodontal ligament space or even contribute to periodontal regeneration. We investigated the notion that ERM contain a subpopulation of stem cells that could undergo epithelial-mesenchymal transition and differentiate into mesenchymal stem-like cells with multilineage potential. For this purpose, ERM collected from ovine incisors were subjected to different inductive conditions in vitro, previously developed for the characterization of bone marrow mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (BMSC). We found that ex vivo-expanded ERM expressed both epithelial (cytokeratin-8, E-cadherin, and epithelial membrane protein-1) and BMSC markers (CD44, CD29, and heat shock protein-90β). Integrin α6/ CD49f could be used for the enrichment of clonogenic cell clusters [colony-forming units-epithelial cells (CFU-Epi)]. Integrin α6/ CD49f-positive-selected epithelial cells demonstrated over 50- and 7-fold greater CFU-Epi than integrin α6/CD49f-negative cells and unfractionated cells, respectively. Importantly, ERM demonstrated stem cell-like properties in their differentiation capacity to form bone, fat, cartilage, and neural cells in vitro. When transplanted into immunocompromised mice, ERM generated bone, cementum-like and Sharpey's fiber-like structures. Additionally, gene expression studies showed that osteogenic induction of ERM triggered an epithelial-mesenchymal transition. In conclusion, ERM are unusual cells that display the morphological and phenotypic characteristics of ectoderm-derived epithelial cells; however, they also have the capacity to differentiate into a mesenchymal phenotype and thus represent a unique stem cell population within the periodontal ligament.

AB - The epithelial cell rests of Malassez (ERM) are odontogenic epithelial cells located within the periodontal ligament matrix. While their function is unknown, they may support tissue homeostasis and maintain periodontal ligament space or even contribute to periodontal regeneration. We investigated the notion that ERM contain a subpopulation of stem cells that could undergo epithelial-mesenchymal transition and differentiate into mesenchymal stem-like cells with multilineage potential. For this purpose, ERM collected from ovine incisors were subjected to different inductive conditions in vitro, previously developed for the characterization of bone marrow mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (BMSC). We found that ex vivo-expanded ERM expressed both epithelial (cytokeratin-8, E-cadherin, and epithelial membrane protein-1) and BMSC markers (CD44, CD29, and heat shock protein-90β). Integrin α6/ CD49f could be used for the enrichment of clonogenic cell clusters [colony-forming units-epithelial cells (CFU-Epi)]. Integrin α6/ CD49f-positive-selected epithelial cells demonstrated over 50- and 7-fold greater CFU-Epi than integrin α6/CD49f-negative cells and unfractionated cells, respectively. Importantly, ERM demonstrated stem cell-like properties in their differentiation capacity to form bone, fat, cartilage, and neural cells in vitro. When transplanted into immunocompromised mice, ERM generated bone, cementum-like and Sharpey's fiber-like structures. Additionally, gene expression studies showed that osteogenic induction of ERM triggered an epithelial-mesenchymal transition. In conclusion, ERM are unusual cells that display the morphological and phenotypic characteristics of ectoderm-derived epithelial cells; however, they also have the capacity to differentiate into a mesenchymal phenotype and thus represent a unique stem cell population within the periodontal ligament.

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DO - 10.1089/scd.2011.0471

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SP - 2012

EP - 2025

JO - Stem cells and development

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SN - 1547-3287

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