EnzDP: Improved enzyme annotation for metabolic network reconstruction based on domain composition profiles

Nam Ninh Nguyen, Sriganesh Srihari, Hon Wai Leong, Ket Fah Chong

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7 Citations (Scopus)


Determining the entire complement of enzymes and their enzymatic functions is a fundamental step for reconstructing the metabolic network of cells. High quality enzyme annotation helps in enhancing metabolic networks reconstructed from the genome, especially by reducing gaps and increasing the enzyme coverage. Currently, structure-based and network-based approaches can only cover a limited number of enzyme families, and the accuracy of homology-based approaches can be further improved. Bottom-up homology-based approach improves the coverage by rebuilding Hidden Markov Model (HMM) profiles for all known enzymes. However, its clustering procedure relies firmly on BLAST similarity score, ignoring protein domains/patterns, and is sensitive to changes in cut-off thresholds. Here, we use functional domain architecture to score the association between domain families and enzyme families (Domain-Enzyme Association Scoring, DEAS). The DEAS score is used to calculate the similarity between proteins, which is then used in clustering procedure, instead of using sequence similarity score. We improve the enzyme annotation protocol using a stringent classification procedure, and by choosing optimal threshold settings and checking for active sites. Our analysis shows that our stringent protocol EnzDP can cover up to 90% of enzyme families available in Swiss-Prot. It achieves a high accuracy of 94.5% based on five-fold cross-validation. EnzDP outperforms existing methods across several testing scenarios. Thus, EnzDP serves as a reliable automated tool for enzyme annotation and metabolic network reconstruction. Available at: www.comp.nus.edu.sg/~nguyennn/EnzDP.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1543003
JournalJournal of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 1 Oct 2015


  • Automated function prediction
  • HMM profiles
  • domain enzyme association
  • enzyme classification
  • functional domain architecture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Computer Science Applications

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