Electrospun diamond-silk membranes for biosensing applications

Asma Khalid, Amanda N. Abraham, Dongbi Bai, Amit Jadhav, Denver Linklater, Duy Nguyen, Alex D. Matusica, Chaitali Dekiwadia, Achini K. Vidanapathirana, Philipp Reineck, Christina A. Bursill, Elena Ivanova, Shadi Houshyar, Andrew Greentree, Brant Gibson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


This work reports nanodiamond-silk membranes as an optical platform for biosensing and cell growth applications. The hybrid structure was fabricated through electrospinning and mimics a 2D scaffold with high porosity. The negatively charged nitrogen vacancy (NV-) centres in diamond exhibits optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR), which enables sensing of temperature variations. The NV-centre, as reported in literature, provides a shift of 74 kHz in the ODMR frequency per degree rise in temperature. For our hybrid membranes, we have however observed that the embedded NV-centre provide a greater shift of 95±5 kHz/K in the ODMR frequency. This higher shift in the frequency will result in improved temperature sensitivity enabling the tracking of thermal variations in the biologically relevant window of 25-50 °C. The thermal conductivity of silk and diamond-silk hybrid will be explored to investigate this enhanced temperature sensing ability of diamond. The hybrid diamond-silk membranes are found to be hydrophilic with a contact angle of (65±2)°. The biocompatibility of the membranes is tested both in vitro in skin keratinocyte (HaCaT) cells and in vivo in a live mouse wound model. The membranes did not induce any toxicity to the cell growth and survival. Moreover, we observed resistance towards the growth and attachment of bacteria.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBiophotonics Australasia 2019
EditorsEwa M. Goldys, Brant C. Gibson
ISBN (Electronic)9781510631441
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 2019
EventBiophotonics Australasia 2019 - Melbourne, Australia
Duration: 9 Dec 201912 Dec 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X


OtherBiophotonics Australasia 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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