The mitral valve regulates blood flow from the left atrium to the left ventricle without a significant gradient during diastole and without regurgitation during systole. In 1972 Perloff and Roberts appropriately described the mitral valve as a complex structure formed of numerous structures such as the mitral annulus, valve leaflets, chordae tendineae, papillary muscles and the underlying ventricular myocardium . In their excellent review the authors explained that only reciprocal interaction between all components would enable normal function of the valve as a whole. In this chapter we shall describe the normal anatomy of the mitral valve apparatus.
|Title of host publication||Echocardiography in Mitral Valve Disease|
|Publisher||Springer-Verlag Italia s.r.l.|
|Number of pages||22|
|ISBN (Print)||8847054346, 9788847054349|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Nov 2013|
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