Early pregnancy metabolite profiling discovers a potential biomarker for the subsequent development of gestational diabetes mellitus

Jamie De Seymour, Cathryn A. Conlon, Karolina Sulek, Silas G. Villas Bôas, Lesley M.E. McCowan, Louise C. Kenny, Philip N. Baker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Current early pregnancy screening tools to identify women at risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus lack both specificity and sensitivity. As a result, the foetus and mother are often subjected to insult during disease progression, prior to diagnosis and treatment in later pregnancy. Metabolomics is an analytical approach, which allows for appraisal of small molecular mass compounds in a biofluid. The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the relationship between the early gestation serum metabolite profile and the subsequent development of gestational diabetes mellitus in the search for early pregnancy biomarkers and potential metabolic mechanisms. Our nested case-control study analysed maternal serum at 20 weeks’ gestation, obtained from the New Zealand cohort of the Screening for Pregnancy Endpoints study. Metabolomic profiling was performed using gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry, and metabolites were identified using R software and an in-house mass spectral library. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 21.0. Forty-eight metabolites were identified in the serum samples. Itaconic acid (P = 0.0003), with a false discovery rate of 0.012, was found to be significantly more abundant in women who subsequently developed gestational diabetes mellitus, when compared to controls with uncomplicated pregnancies. The current pilot study found that itaconic acid may have potential as a novel biomarker in early pregnancy to predict the subsequent development of gestational diabetes mellitus. However, the findings from this pilot study require validation with a larger, diverse population before translation into the clinical setting.

LanguageEnglish
Pages887-890
Number of pages4
JournalActa Diabetologica
Volume51
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Biomarkers
  • Cis-aconitate
  • GC–MS
  • Gestational diabetes mellitus
  • Inflammation
  • Itaconic acid
  • Metabolomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

De Seymour, J., Conlon, C. A., Sulek, K., Villas Bôas, S. G., McCowan, L. M. E., Kenny, L. C., & Baker, P. N. (2014). Early pregnancy metabolite profiling discovers a potential biomarker for the subsequent development of gestational diabetes mellitus. Acta Diabetologica, 51(5), 887-890. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00592-014-0626-7