Dropout rates in couples undergoing in vitro fertilization and intrauterine insemination

Alexandra J. Bensdorp, Raissa Tjon-Kon-Fat, Harold Verhoeve, Carolien Koks, Peter Hompes, Annemieke Hoek, Jan Peter de Bruin, Ben Cohlen, Diederik Hoozemans, Frank Broekmans, Peter van Bomme, Jesper Smeenk, Ben W J Mol, Fulco van der Veen, Madelon van Wely

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)


Objective To compare dropout rates in couples undergoing conventional in vitro fertilization with single embryo transfer (IVF-SET), in vitro fertilization in a modified natural cycle (IVF-MNC) or intrauterine insemination with ovarian stimulation (IUI-OS). Study design Secondary analysis of a multicentre randomized controlled trial between January 2009 and February 2012. 602 couples with unexplained or mild male subfertility, allocated to IVF-SET (N = 201), IVF-MNC (N = 194) and IUI-OS (N = 207). Main outcome measures Dropouts, defined as couples who discontinued their allocated three cycles of IVF-SET, six cycles of IVF-MNC or IUI-OS, without having achieved a pregnancy. We classified dropouts as “following medical advice” or “patient initiated”. Result(s) Thirty couples (15%) allocated to IVF-SET dropped out and 45 couples (23%) allocated to IVF-MNC, compared to 26 couples (13%) allocated to IUI-OS; relative risk (RR) 1.2 (95%CI; 0.73–1.9) for IVF-SET and 1.9 (95%CI; 1.2–2.9) for IVF-MNC, both compared to IUI-OS. Nine couples (4.5%) allocated to IVF-SET, 14 (7.2%) allocated to IVF-MNC and 14 (6.8%) allocated to IUI-OS dropped out following medical advice; RR of 0.51 (95%CI; 0.21–1.2) for IVF-SET and 0.84 (95%CI; 0.39–1.80) for IVF-MNC, both versus IUI-OS. Twenty-one couples (10%) allocated to IVF-SET were patient initiated dropouts, as were 31 (16%) allocated to IVF-MNC and 12 (5.8%) allocated to IUI-COS; RR 1.8 (95%CI; 0.91–3.6) for IVF-SET and 2.8 (95%CI; 1.5–5.2) for IVF-MNC both versus IUI-OS. Conclusion(s) IVF-SET and IUI-OS result in comparable drop-out rates, while drop-out rates after IVF-MNC are almost twice as high, mainly driven by patient preferences.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)66-71
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016


  • Dropout rates
  • In vitro fertilization
  • Intrauterine insemination
  • Modified natural cycle
  • Single embryo transfer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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