Down-regulation of Fas gene expression in colon cancer is not a result of allelic loss or gene rearrangement

L. M. Butler, P. J. Hewett, W. J. Butler, P. A. Cowled

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41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Expression of Fas, an apoptosis-inducing receptor, in colonic epithelium is progressively reduced during malignant transformation. We have examined the human Fas gene for loss of heterozygosity (LOH) and gross rearrangements in colon tumours and matched normal mucosa. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) primers were designed to span a DraI restriction fragment length polymorphic site in the gene. Heterozygosity was detected in normal DNA samples by PCR amplification of the polymorphic site and restriction enzyme digestion. Thirty-eight of 88 patients (43%) with colon carcinomas were informative for the assay, and LOH was detected in 6 of the 38 (16%) corresponding tumours. Tumours from three patients with LOH did not express detectable Fas mRNA, and Fas expression was reduced or absent in 7 of 11 tumours from informative patients without LOH. Southern blotting of tumour DNA samples was used to detect rearrangement of the Fas gene, but no altered hybridization patterns were observed in 64 tumours analysed. These findings indicate that disruption of the Fas gene is not primarily responsible for the loss of Fas protein expression reported in colon cancer. We have also shown that loss of Fas gene transcription is common in these tumours, which may be due to epigenetic gene silencing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1454-1459
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Cancer
Volume77
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 1998

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Colon cancer
  • Fas (APO-1/CD95)
  • Gene rearrangement
  • Loss of heterozygosity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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