Kidney transplant recipients of lower socioeconomic status (SES) or from lower-SES areas have comparatively poor graft survival. Whether this results in poorer patient survival after kidney transplantation was largely unknown. Begaj et al. demonstrate that kidney transplant recipients from deprived areas have higher mortality than patients from more advantaged areas in England. We found similar patterns in Australia. If such disparities are to be addressed, a better understanding of the mediating factors is required.
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