Disruption of the light cycle ablates diurnal rhythms in gastric vagal afferent mechanosensitivity

Stephen J. Kentish, Stewart Christie, Andrew Vincent, Hui Li, Gary Wittert, Amanda Page

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Gastric vagal afferents (GVAs) respond to mechanical stimulation, initiating satiety. These afferents exhibit diurnal fluctuations in mechanosensitivity, facilitating food intake during the dark phase in rodents. In humans, desynchrony of diurnal rhythms (eg, shift work) is associated with a higher risk of obesity. To test the hypothesis that shift work disrupts satiety signaling, the effect of a rotating light cycles on diurnal rhythms in GVA mechanosensitivity in lean and high-fat diet (HDF)-induced obese mice was determined. Methods: Male C57BL/6 mice were fed standard laboratory diet (SLD) or HFD for 12 weeks. After 4 weeks, mice were randomly allocated to a normal light (NL; 12 hour light: 12 hour dark; lights on at zeitgeber time [ZT] 0) or rotating light (RL; 3-day NL cycle, 4-day reversed light cycle [lights on: ZT12] repeated) cycle for 8 weeks. At week 12, eight mice from each group were housed in metabolic cages. After 12 weeks, ex vivo GVA recordings were taken at 3 hour intervals starting at ZT0. Key Results: SLD-RL and HFD-RL gained more weight compared to SLD-NL and HFD-NL mice, respectively. Gonadal fat pad mass was higher in SLD-RL compared to SLD-NL mice. In SLD-NL mice, tension and mucosal receptor mechanosensitivity exhibited diurnal rhythms with a peak at ZT9. These rhythms were lost in SLD-RL, HFD-NL, and HFD-RL mice and associated with dampened diurnal rhythms in food intake. Conclusions & Inferences: GVA diurnal rhythms are susceptible to disturbances in the light cycle and/or the obese state. This may underpin the observed changes in feeding behavior.

LanguageEnglish
Article numbere13711
JournalNeurogastroenterology and Motility
Volume31
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019

Keywords

  • circadian rhythm
  • food intake
  • gastric vagal afferents
  • high-fat diet
  • shift work

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

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title = "Disruption of the light cycle ablates diurnal rhythms in gastric vagal afferent mechanosensitivity",
abstract = "Background: Gastric vagal afferents (GVAs) respond to mechanical stimulation, initiating satiety. These afferents exhibit diurnal fluctuations in mechanosensitivity, facilitating food intake during the dark phase in rodents. In humans, desynchrony of diurnal rhythms (eg, shift work) is associated with a higher risk of obesity. To test the hypothesis that shift work disrupts satiety signaling, the effect of a rotating light cycles on diurnal rhythms in GVA mechanosensitivity in lean and high-fat diet (HDF)-induced obese mice was determined. Methods: Male C57BL/6 mice were fed standard laboratory diet (SLD) or HFD for 12 weeks. After 4 weeks, mice were randomly allocated to a normal light (NL; 12 hour light: 12 hour dark; lights on at zeitgeber time [ZT] 0) or rotating light (RL; 3-day NL cycle, 4-day reversed light cycle [lights on: ZT12] repeated) cycle for 8 weeks. At week 12, eight mice from each group were housed in metabolic cages. After 12 weeks, ex vivo GVA recordings were taken at 3 hour intervals starting at ZT0. Key Results: SLD-RL and HFD-RL gained more weight compared to SLD-NL and HFD-NL mice, respectively. Gonadal fat pad mass was higher in SLD-RL compared to SLD-NL mice. In SLD-NL mice, tension and mucosal receptor mechanosensitivity exhibited diurnal rhythms with a peak at ZT9. These rhythms were lost in SLD-RL, HFD-NL, and HFD-RL mice and associated with dampened diurnal rhythms in food intake. Conclusions & Inferences: GVA diurnal rhythms are susceptible to disturbances in the light cycle and/or the obese state. This may underpin the observed changes in feeding behavior.",
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Disruption of the light cycle ablates diurnal rhythms in gastric vagal afferent mechanosensitivity. / Kentish, Stephen J.; Christie, Stewart; Vincent, Andrew; Li, Hui; Wittert, Gary; Page, Amanda.

In: Neurogastroenterology and Motility, Vol. 31, No. 12, e13711, 01.12.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Disruption of the light cycle ablates diurnal rhythms in gastric vagal afferent mechanosensitivity

AU - Kentish, Stephen J.

AU - Christie, Stewart

AU - Vincent, Andrew

AU - Li, Hui

AU - Wittert, Gary

AU - Page, Amanda

PY - 2019/12/1

Y1 - 2019/12/1

N2 - Background: Gastric vagal afferents (GVAs) respond to mechanical stimulation, initiating satiety. These afferents exhibit diurnal fluctuations in mechanosensitivity, facilitating food intake during the dark phase in rodents. In humans, desynchrony of diurnal rhythms (eg, shift work) is associated with a higher risk of obesity. To test the hypothesis that shift work disrupts satiety signaling, the effect of a rotating light cycles on diurnal rhythms in GVA mechanosensitivity in lean and high-fat diet (HDF)-induced obese mice was determined. Methods: Male C57BL/6 mice were fed standard laboratory diet (SLD) or HFD for 12 weeks. After 4 weeks, mice were randomly allocated to a normal light (NL; 12 hour light: 12 hour dark; lights on at zeitgeber time [ZT] 0) or rotating light (RL; 3-day NL cycle, 4-day reversed light cycle [lights on: ZT12] repeated) cycle for 8 weeks. At week 12, eight mice from each group were housed in metabolic cages. After 12 weeks, ex vivo GVA recordings were taken at 3 hour intervals starting at ZT0. Key Results: SLD-RL and HFD-RL gained more weight compared to SLD-NL and HFD-NL mice, respectively. Gonadal fat pad mass was higher in SLD-RL compared to SLD-NL mice. In SLD-NL mice, tension and mucosal receptor mechanosensitivity exhibited diurnal rhythms with a peak at ZT9. These rhythms were lost in SLD-RL, HFD-NL, and HFD-RL mice and associated with dampened diurnal rhythms in food intake. Conclusions & Inferences: GVA diurnal rhythms are susceptible to disturbances in the light cycle and/or the obese state. This may underpin the observed changes in feeding behavior.

AB - Background: Gastric vagal afferents (GVAs) respond to mechanical stimulation, initiating satiety. These afferents exhibit diurnal fluctuations in mechanosensitivity, facilitating food intake during the dark phase in rodents. In humans, desynchrony of diurnal rhythms (eg, shift work) is associated with a higher risk of obesity. To test the hypothesis that shift work disrupts satiety signaling, the effect of a rotating light cycles on diurnal rhythms in GVA mechanosensitivity in lean and high-fat diet (HDF)-induced obese mice was determined. Methods: Male C57BL/6 mice were fed standard laboratory diet (SLD) or HFD for 12 weeks. After 4 weeks, mice were randomly allocated to a normal light (NL; 12 hour light: 12 hour dark; lights on at zeitgeber time [ZT] 0) or rotating light (RL; 3-day NL cycle, 4-day reversed light cycle [lights on: ZT12] repeated) cycle for 8 weeks. At week 12, eight mice from each group were housed in metabolic cages. After 12 weeks, ex vivo GVA recordings were taken at 3 hour intervals starting at ZT0. Key Results: SLD-RL and HFD-RL gained more weight compared to SLD-NL and HFD-NL mice, respectively. Gonadal fat pad mass was higher in SLD-RL compared to SLD-NL mice. In SLD-NL mice, tension and mucosal receptor mechanosensitivity exhibited diurnal rhythms with a peak at ZT9. These rhythms were lost in SLD-RL, HFD-NL, and HFD-RL mice and associated with dampened diurnal rhythms in food intake. Conclusions & Inferences: GVA diurnal rhythms are susceptible to disturbances in the light cycle and/or the obese state. This may underpin the observed changes in feeding behavior.

KW - circadian rhythm

KW - food intake

KW - gastric vagal afferents

KW - high-fat diet

KW - shift work

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