Objective. Mucopolysaccharidosis VI (MPS VI; Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome) is a lysosomal storage disease caused by a deficiency of the enzyme N-acetylgalactosamine 4-sulfatase (ASB). This enzyme deficiency leads to a progressive disorder with multiple tissue and organ involvement. The disease is rare and is heterogeneous in its clinical presentation and progression. A potential treatment for this disease exists in the form of enzyme-replacement therapy (ERT) with recombinant human ASB (rhASB), and a phase 1/2 randomized, double-blind, 2-dose (0.2 and 1 mg/kg) study in 6 patients showed the treatment at 48 weeks to be well tolerated. Greater biochemical efficacy based on a urine glycosaminoglycan occurred in the high-dose (1 mg/kg) group, and functional improvement seemed greater in patients in the high-dose group with rapidly advancing disease. On the basis of the phase 1/2 results, a phase 2, open-label study in patients with rapidly advancing disease was initiated primarily to evaluate efficacy variables that measure endurance, mobility, and joint function in a larger group of patients. Methods. This was an open-label, multinational study of 10 MPS VI patients who received 48 weekly intravenous treatments with 1.0 mg/kg rhASB and had assessments of biochemical and clinical responses at regular intervals. Results. After 24 weeks of treatment, each patient on average experienced a 155-m (98%) improvement in the 12-minute walk, a 64-m (62%) improvement at the 6-minute time point of the 12-minute walk, and a 48-stair (110%) gain in the 3-minute stair climb versus the baseline mean values. Additional improvements after 48 weeks of treatment were observed, including mean values of 211 m (138%) in the 12-minute walk, 75 m (80%) at the 6-minute time point of the 12-minute walk, and 61-stair (147%) gain in the 3-minute stair climb versus the baseline mean values. Joint Pain and Stiffness Questionnaire scores improved by at least 50% by week 24 and were maintained at week 48, whereas there were only small improvements in active shoulder range of motion (<10°) and in the time taken to stand, walk, and turn starting from a seated position (Expanded Timed Get-Up and Go test). Improvement in pulmonary function based on forced vital capacity and forced expiratory volume at 1 minute in the absence of growth was observed in 3 of 6 patients, and the observed gains occurred in the 24- to 48-week treatment interval. A mean decrease of 76% in urinary excretion of glycosaminoglycans indicated that a satisfactory biochemical response was achieved and the ERT was well tolerated. Conclusions. The results suggest that a 12-minute walk extends the dynamic range of the conventional 6-minute walk and, along with the 3-minute stair climb, provide a robust approach to documenting the improvement in endurance in MPS VI patients who undergo ERT with rhASB.
- Clinical trial
- Enzyme-replacement therapy
- Mucopolysaccharidosis VI
- N-acetylgalactosamine 4-sulfatase
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health