Differential modulation of rat heart mitochondrial membrane-associated enzymes by dietary lipid

Edward J. McMurchie, Mahinda Y. Abeywardena, John S. Charnock, Robert A. Gibson

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Abstract

Diets supplemented with high levels of saturated fatty acids derived from sheep kidney (perirenal) fat or unsaturated fatty acids derived from sunflower seed oil were fed to rats and the effect on heart mitochondrial lipid composition and membrane-associated enzyme behaviour was determined. The dietary lipid treatments did not change the overall level of membrane lipid unsaturation but did alter the proportion of various unsaturated fatty acids. This led to a change in the ω6 ω3 unsaturated fatty acid ratio, which was highest in the sunflower seed oil fed rats. Arrhenius plots of the mitochondrial membrane associated enzymes succinate-cytochrome c reductase and oligomycin-sensitive adenosinetriphosphatase (ATPase) after dietary lipid treatment revealed different responses in their critical temperature. For succinate-cytochrome c reductase, the critical temperature was 29°C for rats fed the sheep kidney fat diet and 20°C for rats fed the sunflower seed oil diet. In contrast, no shift in the critical temperature for the mitochondrial ATPase was apparent as a result of the differing dietary lipid treatments. The results suggest that the discontinuity in the Arrhenius plot of succinate-cytochrome c reductase is induced by some change in the physical properties of the membrane lipids. In contrast, mitochondrial ATPase appears insensitive, in terms of its thermal behaviour, to changes occurring in the composition of the membrane lipids. However, the specific activity of the mitochondrial ATPase was affected by the dietary lipid treatment being highest for the rats fed the sheep kidney fat diet. No dietary lipid effect was observed for the specific activity of succinate-cytochrome c reductase. This differential response of the two mitochondrial membrane enzymes to dietary-induced changes in membrane lipid composition may affect mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-24
Number of pages12
JournalBBA - General Subjects
Volume760
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Oct 1983

Keywords

  • (Rat heart)
  • ATPase
  • Lipid composition
  • Mitochondrial membrane
  • Nutrition
  • Succinate-cytochrome c reductase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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