Dietary and ontogenic regulation of fatty acid desaturase and elongase expression in broiler chickens

M. Jing, N. Gakhar, R. A. Gibson, J. D. House

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Effects of diet and ontogeny on the expression of fatty acid desaturases and elongases were examined in broiler chickens. In Study 1, 120 day-old male chicks received one of six diets with LA:ALA ranging from 46:4 to 16:34, for 33 days. Total n-6 PUFA decreased, and n-3 PUFA increased in response to a decrease in the dietary LA:ALA. FADS1, FADS2, ELOVL2 and ELOVL5 mRNAs were highest (P<0.05) in birds fed lower LA:ALA diets. In Study 2, 60 day-old male chicks were fed a basal diet, and liver samples were collected on day of hatch, and on days 2, 7, 14, 21 and 35 post-hatch. Total n-6 and n-3 PUFA increased (P<0.01) from days 7 to days 21. FADS1, FADS2 and ELOVL2 mRNAs generally increased (P<0.01) with age. These findings provide evidence for the dietary and developmental regulation of PUFA metabolism in broiler chickens.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-113
Number of pages7
JournalProstaglandins Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids
Volume89
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished or Issued - Aug 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Desaturation
  • Development
  • Diet
  • Elongation
  • Polyunsaturated fatty acids
  • Post-hatching

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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