Diagnosis of ligament rupture of the ankle joint: Physical examination, arthrography, stress radiography and sonography compared in 160 patients after inversion trauma

C. N. van Dijk, B. W J Mol, L. S L Lim, R. K. Marti, P. M M Bossuyt

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We prospectively enrolled 160 consecutive patients with inversion trauma of the ankle in a diagnostic protocol that included physical examination within 2 days and at 5 days after trauma, arthrography, stress radiography, and ultrasonography. 135 patients had pathological lateral ligament laxity on the later physical examination or lateral ligament rupture diagnosed on arthrography and they were operated on. 122 of these patients had ligament ruptures. At clinical follow-up after a minimum of half a year, all of the patients who were not operated on had stable joints without signs of previous ligament ruptures. Delayed physical examination at 5 days after the injury led to the highest overall sensitivity (96%) and specificity (84%) for the detection of a ligament rupture. Additional diagnostic procedures, at a considerable cost, yielded little additional information.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)566-570
Number of pages5
JournalActa Orthopaedica
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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