Growth data for the New Zealand abalone Haliotis iris were collected from 30 sites around the New Zealand coast by tag-recapture methods. Most data were collected to provide input into abalone stock assessments within discrete management areas, but had not been examined to determine the nature or extent of any large-scale patterns that might be useful to fishery managers. Sites spanned more than 10° of latitude and were subject to a large range of wave energies and temperatures. Mean monthly sea surface temperature (SST) and wave energy were estimated for each site and a generalised linear regression model was used to examine the relationship between variables. Size-at-maturity was also examined at ten sites. Initial length of abalone explained 35% of the variation in incremental growth, and a further 19% was explained by maximum SST, which also explained 60% of the variation in asymptotic length. Fastest growth was generally in areas with lower mean monthly maximum SST, and sites with the slowest growth had the highest mean monthly maximum SST. Size-at-maturity decreased with increasing temperature. The implications of these broad patterns upon abalone fisheries management strategies are discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
- Aquatic Science