Dairy food at the first occasion of eating is important for total dairy food intake for Australian children

Malcolm D. Riley, Danielle L. Baird, Gilly A. Hendrie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


The cross-sectional 2007 Australian National Children’s Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey collected detailed dietary information from a representative sample of more than 4400 children by 24-h dietary recall. Dairy food intake by Australian children is substantially lower than recommendations, and decreases as a percentage of energy intake as children grow older. Children aged 2 to 16 years are, on average, 2.3 times more likely to have a dairy food at the first daily occasion of eating, than at the second occasion. For children who consumed any dairy food at the first occasion of eating, the total daily intake of dairy foods was 129% (95% CI 120%–138%) greater than for children who did not consume a dairy food at the first occasion of eating. Their dairy food intake for the rest of the day following the first occasion of eating was also greater by 29% (95% CI 21%–37%). Younger age group, male sex, location of eating being at home or in a residence and starting the first occasion of eating from 6 a.m. to 9 a.m. are all jointly associated with having a dairy food at the first occasion of eating. A simple strategy to increase Australian children’s intake from the dairy and alternatives food group may be to make sure that the first occasion of eating each day includes a dairy food or a nutritional equivalent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3878-3894
Number of pages17
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 23 Sep 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Australia
  • Breakfast
  • Children
  • Dairy food

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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