Daily variation in death in patients treated by long-term dialysis: Comparison of in-center hemodialysis to peritoneal and home hemodialysis

Rathika Krishnasamy, Sunil V. Badve, Carmel M. Hawley, Stephen P. McDonald, Neil Boudville, Fiona G. Brown, Kevan R. Polkinghorne, Kym M. Bannister, Kathryn J. Wiggins, Philip Clayton, David W. Johnson

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36 Citations (Scopus)


Background: There has been little study to date of daily variation in cardiac death in dialysis patients and whether such variation differs according to dialysis modality and session frequency. Study Design: Observational cohort study using ANZDATA (Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant) Registry data. Setting & Participants: All adult patients with end-stage kidney failure treated by dialysis in Australia and New Zealand who died between 1999 and 2008. Predictors: Timing of death (day of week), dialysis modality, hemodialysis (HD) session frequency, and demographic, clinical, and facility variables. Outcomes & Measurements: Cardiac and noncardiac mortality. Results: 14,636 adult dialysis patients died during the study period (HD, n = 10,338; peritoneal dialysis [PD], n = 4,298). Cardiac death accounted for 40% of deaths and was significantly more likely to occur on Mondays in in-center HD patients receiving 3 or fewer dialysis sessions per week (n = 9,503; adjusted OR, 1.26; 95% CI, 1.14-1.40; P < 0.001 compared with the mean odds of cardiac death for all days of the week). This daily variation in cardiac death was not seen in PD patients, in-center HD patients receiving more than 3 sessions per week (n = 251), or home HD patients (n = 573). Subgroup analyses showed that deaths related to hyperkalemia and myocardial infarction also were associated with daily variation in risk in HD patients. This pattern was not seen for vascular, infective, malignant, dialysis therapy withdrawal, or other deaths. Limitations: Limited covariate adjustment. Residual confounding and coding bias could not be excluded. Possible type 2 statistical error due to limited sample size of home HD and enhanced-frequency HD cohorts. Conclusions: Daily variation in the pattern of cardiac deaths was observed in HD patients receiving 3 or fewer dialysis sessions per week, but not in PD, home HD, and HD patients receiving more than 3 sessions per week.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)96-103
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Kidney Diseases
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Cardiac failure
  • cardiovascular disease
  • cerebrovascular accident
  • hemodialysis
  • hyperkalemia
  • incidence
  • myocardial infarction
  • peritoneal dialysis
  • prevalence
  • septadian rhythm
  • stroke
  • sudden cardiac death
  • treatment modality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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