Constrast dependence of center and surround integration in primary visual cortex of the cat

Chun Wang, Cedric Bardy, Jin Yu Huang, Thomas FitzGibbon, Bogdan Dreher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The magnitudes of spike responses of area 17 (striate cortex, area V1) neurons to stimulation of their classical receptive fields were reduced (suppressed) when the stimuli extended into the silent surround regions. We found that when optimally oriented sine-wave drifting grating patches extended into the distant parts of silent surround regions, over 35% of V1 neurons showed a 'counter-suppression', that is, a reduction in the magnitude of suppression. The magnitudes of both the suppression and the counter-suppression effects were dependent on stimulus contrast, that is, with a decrease of contrast the magnitude of suppression decreased, while the magnitude of counter-suppression increased. Overall, the surround modulation tended to be clearly suppressive at high contrast and less suppressive or even facilitatory at low contrast. The contrast-dependent effects described here appear to represent one of the fundamental properties of neurons in the mammalian visual system. These properties allow improvement of recognition (high contrast) or detection (low contrast) of visual objects under varying conditions. Putative changes of center and surround mechanisms at low contrast are discussed.

LanguageEnglish
Article number20
JournalJournal of Vision
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jan 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Counter-suppression
  • Facilitation
  • Iso-oriented drifting gratings
  • Single unit recordings
  • Stimulus contrast
  • Surround suppression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems

Cite this

Wang, Chun ; Bardy, Cedric ; Huang, Jin Yu ; FitzGibbon, Thomas ; Dreher, Bogdan. / Constrast dependence of center and surround integration in primary visual cortex of the cat. In: Journal of Vision. 2009 ; Vol. 9, No. 1.
@article{d5c5ce0700ca4e0695facca8468d9b69,
title = "Constrast dependence of center and surround integration in primary visual cortex of the cat",
abstract = "The magnitudes of spike responses of area 17 (striate cortex, area V1) neurons to stimulation of their classical receptive fields were reduced (suppressed) when the stimuli extended into the silent surround regions. We found that when optimally oriented sine-wave drifting grating patches extended into the distant parts of silent surround regions, over 35{\%} of V1 neurons showed a 'counter-suppression', that is, a reduction in the magnitude of suppression. The magnitudes of both the suppression and the counter-suppression effects were dependent on stimulus contrast, that is, with a decrease of contrast the magnitude of suppression decreased, while the magnitude of counter-suppression increased. Overall, the surround modulation tended to be clearly suppressive at high contrast and less suppressive or even facilitatory at low contrast. The contrast-dependent effects described here appear to represent one of the fundamental properties of neurons in the mammalian visual system. These properties allow improvement of recognition (high contrast) or detection (low contrast) of visual objects under varying conditions. Putative changes of center and surround mechanisms at low contrast are discussed.",
keywords = "Counter-suppression, Facilitation, Iso-oriented drifting gratings, Single unit recordings, Stimulus contrast, Surround suppression",
author = "Chun Wang and Cedric Bardy and Huang, {Jin Yu} and Thomas FitzGibbon and Bogdan Dreher",
year = "2009",
month = "1",
day = "16",
doi = "10.1167/9.1.20",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
journal = "Journal of Vision",
issn = "1534-7362",
publisher = "Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology Inc.",
number = "1",

}

Constrast dependence of center and surround integration in primary visual cortex of the cat. / Wang, Chun; Bardy, Cedric; Huang, Jin Yu; FitzGibbon, Thomas; Dreher, Bogdan.

In: Journal of Vision, Vol. 9, No. 1, 20, 16.01.2009.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Constrast dependence of center and surround integration in primary visual cortex of the cat

AU - Wang, Chun

AU - Bardy, Cedric

AU - Huang, Jin Yu

AU - FitzGibbon, Thomas

AU - Dreher, Bogdan

PY - 2009/1/16

Y1 - 2009/1/16

N2 - The magnitudes of spike responses of area 17 (striate cortex, area V1) neurons to stimulation of their classical receptive fields were reduced (suppressed) when the stimuli extended into the silent surround regions. We found that when optimally oriented sine-wave drifting grating patches extended into the distant parts of silent surround regions, over 35% of V1 neurons showed a 'counter-suppression', that is, a reduction in the magnitude of suppression. The magnitudes of both the suppression and the counter-suppression effects were dependent on stimulus contrast, that is, with a decrease of contrast the magnitude of suppression decreased, while the magnitude of counter-suppression increased. Overall, the surround modulation tended to be clearly suppressive at high contrast and less suppressive or even facilitatory at low contrast. The contrast-dependent effects described here appear to represent one of the fundamental properties of neurons in the mammalian visual system. These properties allow improvement of recognition (high contrast) or detection (low contrast) of visual objects under varying conditions. Putative changes of center and surround mechanisms at low contrast are discussed.

AB - The magnitudes of spike responses of area 17 (striate cortex, area V1) neurons to stimulation of their classical receptive fields were reduced (suppressed) when the stimuli extended into the silent surround regions. We found that when optimally oriented sine-wave drifting grating patches extended into the distant parts of silent surround regions, over 35% of V1 neurons showed a 'counter-suppression', that is, a reduction in the magnitude of suppression. The magnitudes of both the suppression and the counter-suppression effects were dependent on stimulus contrast, that is, with a decrease of contrast the magnitude of suppression decreased, while the magnitude of counter-suppression increased. Overall, the surround modulation tended to be clearly suppressive at high contrast and less suppressive or even facilitatory at low contrast. The contrast-dependent effects described here appear to represent one of the fundamental properties of neurons in the mammalian visual system. These properties allow improvement of recognition (high contrast) or detection (low contrast) of visual objects under varying conditions. Putative changes of center and surround mechanisms at low contrast are discussed.

KW - Counter-suppression

KW - Facilitation

KW - Iso-oriented drifting gratings

KW - Single unit recordings

KW - Stimulus contrast

KW - Surround suppression

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=63649098253&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1167/9.1.20

DO - 10.1167/9.1.20

M3 - Article

VL - 9

JO - Journal of Vision

T2 - Journal of Vision

JF - Journal of Vision

SN - 1534-7362

IS - 1

M1 - 20

ER -