Constitutively-active androgen receptor variants function independently of the HSP90 chaperone but do not confer resistance to HSP90 inhibitors

Joanna L. Gillis, Luke A. Selth, Margaret M. Centenera, Scott L. Townley, Shihua Sun, Stephen R. Plymate, Wayne D. Tilley, Lisa M. Butler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The development of lethal, castration resistant prostate cancer is associated with adaptive changes to the androgen receptor (AR), including the emergence of mutant receptors and truncated, constitutively active AR variants. AR relies on the molecular chaperone HSP90 for its function in both normal and malignant prostate cells, but the requirement for HSP90 in environments with aberrant AR expression is largely unknown. Here, we investigated the efficacy of three HSP90 inhibitors, 17-AAG, HSP990 and AUY922, against clinically-relevant AR missense mutants and truncated variants. HSP90 inhibition effectively suppressed the signaling of wild-type AR and all AR missense mutants tested. By contrast, two truncated AR variants, ARV7 and ARv567es, exhibited marked resistance to HSP90 inhibitors. Supporting this observation, nuclear localization of the truncated AR variants was not affected by HSP90 inhibition and AR variant:HSP90 complexes could not be detected in prostate cancer cells. Interestingly, HSP90 inhibition resulted in accumulation of AR-V7 and ARv567es in both cell lines and human tumor explants. Despite the apparent independence of AR variants from HSP90 and their treatment-associated induction, the growth of cell lines with endogenous or enforced expression of AR-V7 or ARv567es remained highly sensitive to AUY922. This study demonstrates that functional AR variant signaling does not confer resistance to HSP90 inhibition, yields insight into the interaction between AR and HSP90 and provides further impetus for the clinical application of HSP90 inhibitors in advanced prostate cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)691-704
Number of pages14
JournalOncotarget
Volume4
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013

Keywords

  • Androgen receptor
  • HSP90
  • HSP90 inhibitor
  • Prostate cancer
  • Variant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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