Circadian regulation of appetite and time restricted feeding: Food intake and time restricted feeding

Amanda Page, Stewart Christie, Erin Symonds, Hui Li

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

The circadian system plays an important role in the temporal regulation of metabolic processes as well as food intake to ensure energy efficiency. The ‘master’ clock is located within the superchiasmatic nucleus and receives input from the retina so that it can be entrained by the light:dark cycle. In turn, the master clock entrains other clocks in the central nervous system, including areas involved in energy homeostasis such as the arcuate nucleus, and the periphery (e.g. adipose tissue and the gastrointestinal tract). This master clock is reinforced by other zeitgebers such as the timing of food intake and activity. If these zeitgebers desynchronise, such as occurs in high fat diet-induced obesity or shift work conditions, it can lead to a misalignment of circadian clocks, disruption of metabolic processes and the development of metabolic disorders. The timing of food intake is a strong zeitgeber, particularly in the gastrointestinal tract, and therefore time restricted feeding offers potential for the treatment of diet and shift work induced metabolic disorders. This review will focus on the role of the circadian system in food intake regulation and the effect of environment factors, such as high fat diet feeding or shift work, on the temporal regulation of food intake along with the benefits of time restricted feeding.

LanguageEnglish
Article number112873
JournalPhysiology and Behavior
Volume220
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Circadian
  • Food intake
  • Food-entrainable oscillator
  • Time-restricted feeding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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