IL-33 induces airway inflammation and hyper-responsiveness in respiratory diseases. Although defined as a therapeutic target, there are limited studies that have comprehensively investigated IL-33-mediated responses in the lungs in vivo. In this study, we characterized immunological and physiological responses induced by intranasal IL-33 challenge, in a mouse model. We identified specific cytokines, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-10, IP-10 and MIP1-α, that are increased in bronchoalveolar lavage and lung tissues by IL-33. Using transcriptomics (RNA-Seq) we demonstrated that 2279 transcripts were up-regulated and 1378 downregulated (≥ 2-fold, p < 0.01) in lung tissues, in response to IL-33. Bioinformatic interrogation of the RNA-Seq data was used to predict biological pathways and upstream regulators involved in IL-33-mediated responses. We showed that the mRNA and protein of STAT4, a predicted upstream regulator of IL-33-induced transcripts, was significantly enhanced in the lungs following IL-33 challenge. Overall, this study provides specific IL-33-induced molecular targets and endpoints that can be used as a resource for in vivo studies, e.g. in preclinical murine models examining novel interventions to target downstream effects of IL-33.
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease|
|Publication status||Published or Issued - 1 Dec 2020|
- Airway inflammation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Molecular Biology