Challenges and opportunities for faecal microbiota transplantation therapy

Geraint Rogers, K. D. Bruce

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

SUMMARY The incidence, morbidity, and mortality associated with Clostridium difficile gastrointestinal infections has increased greatly over recent years, reaching epidemic proportions; a trend due, in part, to the emergence of hypervirulent and antibiotic-resistant strains. The need to identify alternative, non-antibiotic, treatment strategies is therefore urgent. The ability of bacteria in faecal matter transplanted from healthy individuals to displace pathogen populations is well recognized. Further, there is growing evidence that such faecal microbiota transplantation can be of benefit in a wide range of conditions associated with gut dysbiosis. Recent technical advances have greatly increased our ability to understand the processes that underpin the beneficial changes in bacterial community composition, as well as to characterize their extent and duration. However, while much of the research into faecal microbiota transplantation focuses currently on achieving clinical efficacy, the potential for such therapies to contribute to the transmission of infective agents also requires careful consideration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2235-2242
Number of pages8
JournalEpidemiology and Infection
Volume141
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 1 Nov 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Clostridium difficile
  • diarrhoea
  • gastrointestinal infections
  • microbiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Infectious Diseases

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