Cathelicidin Host Defense Peptides and Inflammatory Signaling: Striking a Balance

Morgan A. Alford, Beverlie Baquir, Felix L. Santana, Evan F. Haney, Robert E.W. Hancock

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Host-defense peptides (HDPs) are vital components of innate immunity in all vertebrates. While their antibacterial activity toward bacterial cells was the original focus for research, their ability to modulate immune and inflammatory processes has emerged as one of their major functions in the host and as a promising approach from which to develop novel therapeutics targeting inflammation and innate immunity. In this review, with particular emphasis on the cathelicidin family of peptides, the roles of natural HDPs are examined in managing immune activation, cellular recruitment, cytokine responses, and inflammation in response to infection, as well as their contribution(s) to various inflammatory disorders and autoimmune diseases. Furthermore, we discuss current efforts to develop synthetic HDPs as therapeutics aimed at restoring balance to immune responses that are dysregulated and contribute to disease pathologies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1902
JournalFrontiers in Microbiology
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 27 Aug 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • homeostasis
  • host-defense peptide
  • innate immunity
  • self-antigen
  • toll-like receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)

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