Objectives: To determine the proportion of a representative population sample of adults in South Australia who have a body mass index (a measure of overall obesity) classified as normal or underweight, but who also have a waist circumference or waist hip ratio (measures of central obesity) that indicates obesity. Methods: A representative population sample of adults aged 18 years and over living in the north west region of Adelaide (n = 2523) were recruited to the study. Clinical measures of height, weight, waist and hip circumference were obtained and used to determine body mass index, waist hip ratio and waist circumference. Results: Among women with a normal body mass index, 19.0 % had a high waist circumference (≥ 80 cm) and 8.5 % had a high waist hip ratio (> 0.85). Among males with a normal body mass index, 3.4 % had a high waist circumference (≥ 95 cm) and 0.1 % had a high waist hip ratio (>1.0). Conclusions: Body mass index, waist hip ratio and waist circumference all have a role in the identification of those who are obese or overweight.
- Abdominal obesity
- Body mass index
- Central obesity
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health