The Analysis and Understanding of Diabetes and Dyslipidaemia: Improving Treatment (AUDIT) study was a confidential, web-based, cross-sectional survey involving 2,043 diabetes specialists in 50 countries. The study investigated the attitudes of physicians specialising in the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus towards the management of dyslipidaemia and other cardiovascular risk factors in these patients. Physicians reported obtaining lipid profiles in 91% of patients with type 2 diabetes and estimated that 62% of type 2 diabetic patients have dyslipidaemia. Across all regions, stated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), triglyceride and total cholesterol targets were lower for type 2 diabetic patients with than without cardiovascular disease (CVD). Fewer physicians reported having an LDL-C target of ≤ 2.6 mmol/L (≤ 100 mg/dL) for patients without CVD (59%) than with CVD (85%). Physicians reported that 54% of patients achieve LDL-C targets, with significantly more estimated to achieve their LDL-C goal in North America (69%) than in any other region (43-61%; p<0.001). When setting targets, 58% of physicians stated that they were most influenced by lipid management guidelines, although a large proportion of physicians from Eastern Europe (54%) and Africa/Middle East (50%) cited a personal read of the literature. Patient compliance was the most commonly perceived barrier to lipid goal attainment in most regions (42-61%); financial constraints were cited most often in South America (76%), Africa/Middle East (65%) and Eastern Europe (63%). The AUDIT study revealed a disparity between lipid screening and control in type 2 diabetic patients. Physicians reported that they treated patients without CVD less intensively than patients with CVD, suggesting that type 2 diabetes was not widely considered a coronary heart disease risk equivalent. A reassessment of guideline implementation is needed for physicians worldwide to improve lipid control to decrease cardiovascular risk in type 2 diabetes.
- Cardiovascular diseases
- Risk factors
- Type 2 diabetes mellitus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine