Objective - We determined the effects of physiological (non-hypotensive) increments of plasma atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) on the vasopressin and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal response to insulin induced hypoglycaemia. Design - Single blind, placebo controlled, randomized study of the effect of vehicle alone or ANF (2.5 pmol/kg/min for 120 minutes) commencing 30 minutes before bolus administration of insulin (0.15 U/kg body weight). Results - ANF infusion raised venous plasma ANF levels four to five-fold (mean level 32 ± 0.3 pmol/l at time of insulin injection) without affecting resting blood pressure or heart rate. After insulin, the fall in plasma glucose and rise in plasma adrenaline and noradrenaline were similar in both studies. In contrast, the responses in plasma arginine vasopressin (P < 0.02) and in plasma angiotensin II (P < 0.05) were inhibited by ANF. Plasma corticotrophin releasing factor, ACTH and cortisol responses to hypoglycaemic stress did not differ significantly in the presence and absence of ANF. Conclusion - We conclude that four to five-fold acute increase in plasma ANF, while attenuating vasopressin and angiotensin II responses to hypoglycaemia, does not inhibit the hypothalamic, pituitary and adrenal responses or inhibit sympathetic nervous activation in normal men.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism