Asthma Bronchiale and Exercise-Induced Bronchoconstriction

Harshani Jayasinghe, Zoe Kopsaftis, Kristin Carson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Exercising regularly has a wide range of beneficial health effects; in particular, it has been well documented to help in the management of chronic illnesses including asthma. However, in some individuals, exertion can also trigger an exacerbation of asthmatic episodes and subsequent acute attacks of breathlessness, coughing, tightness of the chest and wheezing. This physiological process is called exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) whereby post-exercise forced expiratory volume in 1 s is reduced by 10-15% from baseline. While EIB is highly prevalent in asthmatics and presents with similar respiratory symptoms, asthma and EIB are not mutually exclusive. The aim of this review is to present a broad overview of both conditions in order to enhance the understanding of the similarities and differences distinguishing them as two separate entities. The pathophysiology and mechanisms underlying asthma are well described with research now focussing on defining phenotypes for targeted management strategies. Conversely, the mechanistic understanding of EIB remains largely under-described. Diagnostic pathways for both are established and similar, as are pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatments and management approaches, which have enhanced success with early detection. Given the potential for exacerbation of asthma, exercise avoidance is common but counterproductive as current evidence indicates that it is well tolerated and improves quality of life. Literature supporting the benefit of exercise for EIB sufferers is at present favourable, yet extremely limited; therefore, future research should be directed in this area as well as towards further developing the understanding of the pathophysiology and mechanisms underpinning both EIB and asthma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)505-512
Number of pages8
JournalRespiration
Volume89
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jul 2015

Keywords

  • Asthma bronchoconstriction
  • Inflammation
  • Respiratory illness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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