Association between soft drink consumption and asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults in Australia

Zumin Shi, Eleonora Dal Grande, Anne W. Taylor, Tiffany K. Gill, Robert Adams, Gary A. Wittert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and objective: The aim of this study was to examine the association between soft drink consumption and self-reported doctor-diagnosed asthma and COPD among adults living in South Australia. Methods: Data were collected using a risk factor surveillance system. Each month a representative random sample of South Australians were selected from the electronic White Pages and interviews were conducted using computer-assisted telephone interviewing (CATI). Results: Among 16 907 participants aged 16 years and older, 11.4% reported daily soft drink consumption of more than half a litre. High levels of soft drink consumption were positively associated with asthma and COPD. Overall, 13.3% of participants with asthma and 15.6% of those with COPD reported consuming more than half a litre of soft drink per day. By multivariate analysis, after adjusting for socio-demographic and lifestyle factors, the odds ratio (OR) for asthma was 1.26 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.01-1.58) and the OR for COPD was 1.79 (95% CI: 1.32-2.43), comparing those who consumed more than half a litre of soft drink per day with those who did not consume soft drinks. Conclusions: There was a positive association between consumption of soft drinks and asthma/COPD among adults living in South Australia. Soft drink consumption has been linked to a range of chronic diseases but no previous study was focused on the association with asthma/COPD. Among 16 907 participants aged 16 years and older living in South Australia, a positive association was identified between consumption of soft drinks and the risk of asthma/COPD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)363-369
Number of pages7
JournalRespirology
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished or Issued - Feb 2012

Keywords

  • asthma
  • chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • epidemiology
  • soft drink

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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