Assessing use of a printed lifestyle intervention tool by women with borderline gestational diabetes and their achievement of diet and exercise goals: A descriptive study

Shanshan Han, Philippa F. Middleton, Thach S. Tran, Caroline A. Crowther

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Background: The purpose of this study is to assess use of a booklet by pregnant women to record and assist dietary and lifestyle changes; to describe diet and exercise goals set during the initial lifestyle discussions; and to assess achievement of goals. Methods: Participants were women with borderline gestational diabetes who received a printed pregnancy record booklet, as part of a randomised trial, to record and set monthly goals for diet and exercise. Outcomes included women's use of the booklets and their achievement of dietary and exercise goals after 1 month. Results: Fifty-six women returned their used pregnancy record booklets and were included in this study. These women set a total of 197 dietary goals and 65 exercise goals. In the first month, over 80 % of dietary goals that targeted grains, dairy and overall diet were achieved, but only 20-30 % of goals about vegetables, and foods high in fat, sugar and/or salt were achieved. After 1 month, women had achieved 86.4 % of their exercise goals to maintain their current level of activity, but only 25.0 % exercise goals to increase walking during pregnancy. Conclusions: Women who used pregnancy record booklets reported good achievement rates for goals related to grains, fruits, dairy and overall diet, but they were less likely to be successful in achieving goals to increase intake of vegetables, and limit foods that high in fat, sugar and/or salt. Maintaining an active lifestyle during pregnancy was feasible for women although increases in physical activity were less often achieved. Using a pregnancy record booklet may be helpful in assisting and encouraging behavioural changes, although further investigations of long-term effects and in different populations are warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Article number44
JournalBMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 1 Mar 2016


  • Borderline gestational diabetes mellitus
  • Descriptive study
  • Diet
  • Exercise
  • Pregnant women
  • Printed lifestyle intervention tool

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Cite this