Assessing change in perceived community leadership readiness in the Obesity Prevention and Lifestyle program

Iordan Kostadinov, Mark Daniel, Michelle Jones, Margaret Cargo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Issue addressed The context of community-based childhood obesity prevention programs can influence the effects of these intervention programs. Leadership readiness for community mobilisation for childhood obesity prevention is one such contextual factor. This study assessed perceived community leadership readiness (PCLR) at two time points in a state-wide, multisite community-based childhood obesity prevention program. Methods PCLR was assessed across 168 suburbs of 20 intervention communities participating in South Australia's Obesity Prevention and Lifestyle (OPAL) program. Using a validated online PCLR tool, four key respondents from each community rated each suburb within their respective community on a nine-point scale for baseline and 2015. Average PCLR and change scores were calculated using the general linear model with suburbs nested in communities. Relationships between demographic variables and change in PCLR were evaluated using multiple regression. Ease of survey use was also assessed. Results Average PCLR increased between baseline (3.51, s.d.≤0.82) and 2015 (5.23, s.d.≤0.89). PCLR rose in 18 of 20 intervention communities. PCLR was inversely associated with suburb population size (r2≤0.03, P≤0.03, β≤-0.25) and positively associated with intervention duration (r2 change≤0.08, P≤0.00, β≤0.29). Only 8% of survey respondents considered the online assessment tool difficult to use. Conclusions PCLR increased over the course of the OPAL intervention. PCLR varied between and within communities. Online assessment of PCLR has utility for multisite program evaluations. So what? Use of a novel, resource-efficient online tool to measure the key contextual factors of PCLR has enabled a better understanding of the success and generalisability of the OPAL program.

LanguageEnglish
Pages208-214
Number of pages7
JournalHealth Promotion Journal of Australia
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016

Keywords

  • community development
  • evaluation methods
  • program evaluation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Community and Home Care
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Kostadinov, Iordan ; Daniel, Mark ; Jones, Michelle ; Cargo, Margaret. / Assessing change in perceived community leadership readiness in the Obesity Prevention and Lifestyle program. In: Health Promotion Journal of Australia. 2016 ; Vol. 27, No. 3. pp. 208-214.
@article{f578fd2fa0834a019152269d28b15d25,
title = "Assessing change in perceived community leadership readiness in the Obesity Prevention and Lifestyle program",
abstract = "Issue addressed The context of community-based childhood obesity prevention programs can influence the effects of these intervention programs. Leadership readiness for community mobilisation for childhood obesity prevention is one such contextual factor. This study assessed perceived community leadership readiness (PCLR) at two time points in a state-wide, multisite community-based childhood obesity prevention program. Methods PCLR was assessed across 168 suburbs of 20 intervention communities participating in South Australia's Obesity Prevention and Lifestyle (OPAL) program. Using a validated online PCLR tool, four key respondents from each community rated each suburb within their respective community on a nine-point scale for baseline and 2015. Average PCLR and change scores were calculated using the general linear model with suburbs nested in communities. Relationships between demographic variables and change in PCLR were evaluated using multiple regression. Ease of survey use was also assessed. Results Average PCLR increased between baseline (3.51, s.d.≤0.82) and 2015 (5.23, s.d.≤0.89). PCLR rose in 18 of 20 intervention communities. PCLR was inversely associated with suburb population size (r2≤0.03, P≤0.03, β≤-0.25) and positively associated with intervention duration (r2 change≤0.08, P≤0.00, β≤0.29). Only 8{\%} of survey respondents considered the online assessment tool difficult to use. Conclusions PCLR increased over the course of the OPAL intervention. PCLR varied between and within communities. Online assessment of PCLR has utility for multisite program evaluations. So what? Use of a novel, resource-efficient online tool to measure the key contextual factors of PCLR has enabled a better understanding of the success and generalisability of the OPAL program.",
keywords = "community development, evaluation methods, program evaluation",
author = "Iordan Kostadinov and Mark Daniel and Michelle Jones and Margaret Cargo",
year = "2016",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1071/HE16050",
language = "English",
volume = "27",
pages = "208--214",
journal = "Health Promotion Journal of Australia",
issn = "1036-1073",
publisher = "Australian Health Promotion Association",
number = "3",

}

Assessing change in perceived community leadership readiness in the Obesity Prevention and Lifestyle program. / Kostadinov, Iordan; Daniel, Mark; Jones, Michelle; Cargo, Margaret.

In: Health Promotion Journal of Australia, Vol. 27, No. 3, 01.12.2016, p. 208-214.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Assessing change in perceived community leadership readiness in the Obesity Prevention and Lifestyle program

AU - Kostadinov, Iordan

AU - Daniel, Mark

AU - Jones, Michelle

AU - Cargo, Margaret

PY - 2016/12/1

Y1 - 2016/12/1

N2 - Issue addressed The context of community-based childhood obesity prevention programs can influence the effects of these intervention programs. Leadership readiness for community mobilisation for childhood obesity prevention is one such contextual factor. This study assessed perceived community leadership readiness (PCLR) at two time points in a state-wide, multisite community-based childhood obesity prevention program. Methods PCLR was assessed across 168 suburbs of 20 intervention communities participating in South Australia's Obesity Prevention and Lifestyle (OPAL) program. Using a validated online PCLR tool, four key respondents from each community rated each suburb within their respective community on a nine-point scale for baseline and 2015. Average PCLR and change scores were calculated using the general linear model with suburbs nested in communities. Relationships between demographic variables and change in PCLR were evaluated using multiple regression. Ease of survey use was also assessed. Results Average PCLR increased between baseline (3.51, s.d.≤0.82) and 2015 (5.23, s.d.≤0.89). PCLR rose in 18 of 20 intervention communities. PCLR was inversely associated with suburb population size (r2≤0.03, P≤0.03, β≤-0.25) and positively associated with intervention duration (r2 change≤0.08, P≤0.00, β≤0.29). Only 8% of survey respondents considered the online assessment tool difficult to use. Conclusions PCLR increased over the course of the OPAL intervention. PCLR varied between and within communities. Online assessment of PCLR has utility for multisite program evaluations. So what? Use of a novel, resource-efficient online tool to measure the key contextual factors of PCLR has enabled a better understanding of the success and generalisability of the OPAL program.

AB - Issue addressed The context of community-based childhood obesity prevention programs can influence the effects of these intervention programs. Leadership readiness for community mobilisation for childhood obesity prevention is one such contextual factor. This study assessed perceived community leadership readiness (PCLR) at two time points in a state-wide, multisite community-based childhood obesity prevention program. Methods PCLR was assessed across 168 suburbs of 20 intervention communities participating in South Australia's Obesity Prevention and Lifestyle (OPAL) program. Using a validated online PCLR tool, four key respondents from each community rated each suburb within their respective community on a nine-point scale for baseline and 2015. Average PCLR and change scores were calculated using the general linear model with suburbs nested in communities. Relationships between demographic variables and change in PCLR were evaluated using multiple regression. Ease of survey use was also assessed. Results Average PCLR increased between baseline (3.51, s.d.≤0.82) and 2015 (5.23, s.d.≤0.89). PCLR rose in 18 of 20 intervention communities. PCLR was inversely associated with suburb population size (r2≤0.03, P≤0.03, β≤-0.25) and positively associated with intervention duration (r2 change≤0.08, P≤0.00, β≤0.29). Only 8% of survey respondents considered the online assessment tool difficult to use. Conclusions PCLR increased over the course of the OPAL intervention. PCLR varied between and within communities. Online assessment of PCLR has utility for multisite program evaluations. So what? Use of a novel, resource-efficient online tool to measure the key contextual factors of PCLR has enabled a better understanding of the success and generalisability of the OPAL program.

KW - community development

KW - evaluation methods

KW - program evaluation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85002712460&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1071/HE16050

DO - 10.1071/HE16050

M3 - Article

VL - 27

SP - 208

EP - 214

JO - Health Promotion Journal of Australia

T2 - Health Promotion Journal of Australia

JF - Health Promotion Journal of Australia

SN - 1036-1073

IS - 3

ER -