Antibiotic cement was associated with half the risk of re-revision in 1,154 aseptic revision total knee arthroplasties

Stefano A. Bini, Priscilla H. Chan, Maria C.S. Inacio, Elizabeth W. Paxton, Monti Khatod

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Abstract

Background and purpose - Aseptic revisions comprise 80% of revision total knee arthroplasties (TKAs). We determined the incidence of re-revision TKA, the reasons for re-revision, and risk factors associated with these procedures.Patients and methods - We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 1,154 patients who underwent aseptic revision TKA between 2002 and 2013 and were followed prospectively by a total joint replacement registry in the USA. Revision was defined as any operation in which an implanted component was replaced. Patient-, surgeon-, and procedure-related risk factors were evaluated. Survival analyses were conducted.Results - There were 114 re-revisions (10%) with a median time to reoperation of 3.6 years (interquartile range (IQR): 2.6-5.2). The infection rate was 2.9% (34/1,154) and accounted for 30% of re-revisions (34 of 114). In adjusted models, use of antibiotic-loaded cement was associated with a 50% lower risk of all-cause re-revision surgery (hazard ratio (HR) = 0.5, 95% CI: 0.3-0.9), age with a 20% lower risk for every 10-year increase (HR = 0.8, CI: 0.7-1.0), body mass index (BMI) with a 20% lower risk for every 5-unit increase (HR = 0.8, CI: 0.7-1.0), and a surgeons greater cumulative experience (≥ 20 cases vs. < 20 cases) with a 3 times higher risk of re-revision (HR = 2.8, CI: 1.5-5).Interpretation - Revised TKAs were at high risk of subsequent failure. The use of antibiotic-loaded cement, higher age, and higher BMI were associated with lower risk of further revision whereas a higher degree of surgeon experience was associated with higher risk.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-59
Number of pages5
JournalActa Orthopaedica
Volume87
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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