Involution of the mammary gland occurs at the end of every period of lactation and is an essential process to return the gland to a pre-pregnant state in readiness for the next pregnancy. Involution is a complex process of regulated alveolar cell death coupled with tissue remodeling and requires exquisite control of transcription and signaling. These processes can be investigated using a variety of molecular and morphological approaches. In this chapter we describe how to initiate involution and collect mammary glands, measure involution morphologically, and quantify lysosomal leakiness in mammary tissue and in cultured mammary epithelial cells. These procedures encompass a range of microscopy and molecular biology techniques.