A Recurrent De Novo Nonsense Variant in ZSWIM6 Results in Severe Intellectual Disability without Frontonasal or Limb Malformations

Elizabeth E. Palmer, Raman Kumar, Christopher T. Gordon, Marie Shaw, Laurence Hubert, Renee Carroll, Marlène Rio, Lucinda Murray, Melanie Leffler, Tracy Dudding-Byth, Myriam Oufadem, Seema R. Lalani, Andrea M. Lewis, Fan Xia, Allison Tam, Richard Webster, Susan Brammah, Francesca Filippini, John Pollard, Judy SpiesAndre E. Minoche, Mark J. Cowley, Sarah Risen, Nina N. Powell-Hamilton, Jessica E. Tusi, La Donna Immken, Honey Nagakura, Christine Bole-Feysot, Patrick Nitschké, Alexandrine Garrigue, Geneviève de Saint Basile, Emma Kivuva, Richard H. Scott, Augusto Rendon, Arnold Munnich, William Newman, Bronwyn Kerr, Claude Besmond, Jill A. Rosenfeld, Jeanne Amiel, Michael Field, Jozef Gecz, DDD Study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A recurrent de novo missense variant within the C-terminal Sin3-like domain of ZSWIM6 was previously reported to cause acromelic frontonasal dysostosis (AFND), an autosomal-dominant severe frontonasal and limb malformation syndrome, associated with neurocognitive and motor delay, via a proposed gain-of-function effect. We present detailed phenotypic information on seven unrelated individuals with a recurrent de novo nonsense variant (c.2737C>T [p.Arg913Ter]) in the penultimate exon of ZSWIM6 who have severe-profound intellectual disability and additional central and peripheral nervous system symptoms but an absence of frontonasal or limb malformations. We show that the c.2737C>T variant does not trigger nonsense-mediated decay of the ZSWIM6 mRNA in affected individual-derived cells. This finding supports the existence of a truncated ZSWIM6 protein lacking the Sin3-like domain, which could have a dominant-negative effect. This study builds support for a key role for ZSWIM6 in neuronal development and function, in addition to its putative roles in limb and craniofacial development, and provides a striking example of different variants in the same gene leading to distinct phenotypes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)995-1005
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Human Genetics
Volume101
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Dec 2017

Keywords

  • ZSWIM6
  • autism
  • de novo
  • epilepsy
  • exome sequencing
  • genomics
  • intellectual disability
  • nonsense-mediated decay
  • recurrent
  • ubiquitination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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