A novel contiguous gene deletion of AVPR2 and ARHGAP4 genes in male dizygotic twins with nephrogenic diabetes insipidus and intellectual disability

Lingli Huang, Gemma Poke, Jozef Gecz, Kate Gibson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The clinical features of loss of ARHGAP4 function remain unclear despite several reports of different patterns of deletions inactivating different functional regions of the protein. The protein encoded by ARHGAP4 is thought to function as a Rho GTPase activating protein. Characterization of the genetic defect causing X-linked nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI) and intellectual disability in two dizygotic twin brothers revealed a novel contiguous deletion of 17,905bp encompassing the entire AVPR2 gene and extending into intron 7 of the ARHGAP4 gene. Examination of their mother showed that she was a carrier of this deletion. An attempt was made to distinguish the putative clinical signs of an ARHGAP4 deletion from the well-defined phenotype of X-linked NDI caused by an AVPR2 gene deletion. By reviewing all characterized deletions encompassing ARHGAP4, we reconsider the potential role of ARHGAP4 in cognition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2511-2518
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A
Volume158 A
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ARHGAP4
  • AVPR2
  • Contiguous gene deletion
  • Intellectual disability
  • Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus
  • Xq28

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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