A comparative effectiveness study of newborn screening methods for four lysosomal storage disorders

Karen A. Sanders, Dimitar K. Gavrilov, Devin Oglesbee, Kimiyo M. Raymond, Silvia Tortorelli, John J. Hopwood, Fred Lorey, Ramanath Majumdar, Charles A. Kroll, Amber M. McDonald, Jean M. Lacey, Coleman T. Turgeon, Justin N. Tucker, Hao Tang, Robert Currier, Grazia Isaya, Piero Rinaldo, Dietrich Matern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Newborn screening for one or more lysosomal disorders has been implemented in several US states, Japan and Taiwan by multiplexed enzyme assays using either tandem mass spectrometry or digital microfluidics. Another multiplex assay making use of immunocapture technology has also been proposed. To investigate the potential variability in performance of these analytical approaches, we implemented three high-throughput screening assays for the simultaneous screening for four lysosomal disorders: Fabry disease, Gaucher disease, mucopolysaccharidosis type I, and Pompe disease. These assays were tested in a prospective comparative effectiveness study using nearly 100,000 residual newborn dried blood spot specimens. In addition, 2nd tier enzyme assays and confirmatory molecular genetic testing were employed. Post-analytical interpretive tools were created using the software Collaborative Laboratory Integrated Reports (CLIR) to determine its ability to improve the performance of each assay vs. the traditional result interpretation based on analyte-specific reference ranges and cutoffs. This study showed that all three platforms have high sensitivity, and the application of CLIR tools markedly improves the performance of each platform while reducing the need for 2nd tier testing by 66% to 95%. Moreover, the addition of disease-specific biochemical 2nd tier tests ensures the lowest false positive rates and the highest positive predictive values for any platform.

Original languageEnglish
Article number44
JournalInternational Journal of Neonatal Screening
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Bioinformatics
  • Fabry disease
  • Gaucher disease
  • Immunoassay
  • Microfluidics
  • Mucopolysaccharidosis type I
  • Newborn screening
  • Pompe disease
  • Postanalytical interpretation
  • Tandem mass spectrometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Immunology and Microbiology (miscellaneous)
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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